A controlled comparison of the effectiveness and efficiency of two psychological therapies for posttraumatic stress disorder: eye movement desensitization and reprocessing vs. emotional freedom techniques

Thanos Karatzias*, Kevin Power, Keith Brown, Theresa McGoldrick, Millia Begum, Jenny Young, Paul Loughran, Zoë Chouliara, Sally Adams

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study reports on the first ever controlled comparison between eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) and emotional freedom techniques (EFT) for posttraumatic stress disorder. A total of 46 participants were randomized to either EMDR (n = 23) or EFT (n = 23). The participants were assessed at baseline and then reassessed after an 8-week waiting period. Two further blind assessments were conducted at posttreatment and 3-months follow-up. Overall, the results indicated that both interventions produced significant therapeutic gains at posttreatment and follow-up in an equal number of sessions. Similar treatment effect sizes were observed in both treatment groups. Regarding clinical significant changes, a slightly higher proportion of patients in the EMDR group produced substantial clinical changes compared with the EFT group. Given the speculative nature of the theoretical basis of EFT, a dismantling study on the active ingredients of EFT should be subject to future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-378
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Volume199
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes

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