Forty-eight former Australian athletes responded to a questionnaire regarding their retirement from sport. Current career beliefs, as well as perceptions of life skills learned in sport that are transferable to post-athletic career occupations, were assessed with an Australian-integrated version of the Career Beliefs Inventory (CBI; Krumboltz, 1993). Examination of CBI responses revealed several areas of career development that have particular relevance to elite athletes in Australia. Further analyses also demonstrated that the type of sport athletes participate in can have a significant impact on career development. Discussion of the findings are provided, followed by a section summarising the implications for professional practitioners. The article concludes with comments on future research directions in the area of career development in sport.