A strategy for efficiently collecting aerosol condensate using silica fibers

application to carbonyl emissions from e-cigarettes

William Edryd Stephens*, Bruna de Falco, Alberto Fiore

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Analysing harmful constituents in e-cigarette aerosols typically involves adopting a methodology used for analysing tobacco smoke. Cambridge filter pads (CFP) are the basis of numerous protocols for analysing the various classes of compounds representing 93 harmful and potentially harmful constituents identified in tobacco smoke by the FDA. This paper describes a simplified method for trapping the low volatility components of e-cigarette aerosols using a single trapping procedure followed by physical extraction. The trap is a plug of amorphous silica fibres (0.75 g of 4 µm diameter) within a 10mL syringe inserted between the e-cigarette mouthpiece and the pump of the vaping machine. The method is evaluated for emissions from three generations of e-cigarette device (Kangertech CE4, EVOD and Subox Mini-C). On average the silica wool traps about 94% of the vapourised liquid mass in the three devices and higher levels of condensate is retained before reaching saturation compared with CFP. The condensate is then physically extracted from the silica wool plug using a centrifuge. Condensate is then available for use directly in multiple analytical procedures or toxicological experiments. The method is tested by comparison with published analyses of carbonyls, among the most potent toxicants and carcinogens in e-cigarette emissions. Ranges for HPLC-DAD analyses of carbonyl-DNPH derivatives in a laboratory formulation of e-liquid are formaldehyde (0.182±0.023 to 9.896±0.709 µg puff-1), acetaldehyde (0.059±0.005 to 0.791±0.073 µg puff-1) and propionaldehyde (0.008±0.0001 to 0.033±0.023 µg puff-1); other carbonyls are identified and quantified. Carbonyls concentrations are also consistent with published experiments showing marked increases in with variable power settings (10W - 50W). Compared with CFPs, e-cigarette aerosol collection by silica wool requires only one vaping session for multiple analyte groups, traps more condensate per puff, collects more condensate before saturating.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Research in Toxicology
Early online date13 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Sep 2019

Fingerprint

Aerosols
Tobacco Products
Silicon Dioxide
Fibers
Wool
Tobacco
Smoke
Syringes
Equipment and Supplies
Volatilization
Acetaldehyde
Centrifuges
Liquids
Carcinogens
Toxicology
Formaldehyde
Experiments
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Pumps
Derivatives

Cite this

@article{d74fc450d74741a69a89b7a9515e2a01,
title = "A strategy for efficiently collecting aerosol condensate using silica fibers: application to carbonyl emissions from e-cigarettes",
abstract = "Analysing harmful constituents in e-cigarette aerosols typically involves adopting a methodology used for analysing tobacco smoke. Cambridge filter pads (CFP) are the basis of numerous protocols for analysing the various classes of compounds representing 93 harmful and potentially harmful constituents identified in tobacco smoke by the FDA. This paper describes a simplified method for trapping the low volatility components of e-cigarette aerosols using a single trapping procedure followed by physical extraction. The trap is a plug of amorphous silica fibres (0.75 g of 4 µm diameter) within a 10mL syringe inserted between the e-cigarette mouthpiece and the pump of the vaping machine. The method is evaluated for emissions from three generations of e-cigarette device (Kangertech CE4, EVOD and Subox Mini-C). On average the silica wool traps about 94{\%} of the vapourised liquid mass in the three devices and higher levels of condensate is retained before reaching saturation compared with CFP. The condensate is then physically extracted from the silica wool plug using a centrifuge. Condensate is then available for use directly in multiple analytical procedures or toxicological experiments. The method is tested by comparison with published analyses of carbonyls, among the most potent toxicants and carcinogens in e-cigarette emissions. Ranges for HPLC-DAD analyses of carbonyl-DNPH derivatives in a laboratory formulation of e-liquid are formaldehyde (0.182±0.023 to 9.896±0.709 µg puff-1), acetaldehyde (0.059±0.005 to 0.791±0.073 µg puff-1) and propionaldehyde (0.008±0.0001 to 0.033±0.023 µg puff-1); other carbonyls are identified and quantified. Carbonyls concentrations are also consistent with published experiments showing marked increases in with variable power settings (10W - 50W). Compared with CFPs, e-cigarette aerosol collection by silica wool requires only one vaping session for multiple analyte groups, traps more condensate per puff, collects more condensate before saturating.",
author = "Stephens, {William Edryd} and {de Falco}, Bruna and Alberto Fiore",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
day = "13",
doi = "10.1021/acs.chemrestox.9b00214",
language = "English",
journal = "Chemical Research in Toxicology",
issn = "0893-228X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A strategy for efficiently collecting aerosol condensate using silica fibers

T2 - application to carbonyl emissions from e-cigarettes

AU - Stephens, William Edryd

AU - de Falco, Bruna

AU - Fiore, Alberto

PY - 2019/9/13

Y1 - 2019/9/13

N2 - Analysing harmful constituents in e-cigarette aerosols typically involves adopting a methodology used for analysing tobacco smoke. Cambridge filter pads (CFP) are the basis of numerous protocols for analysing the various classes of compounds representing 93 harmful and potentially harmful constituents identified in tobacco smoke by the FDA. This paper describes a simplified method for trapping the low volatility components of e-cigarette aerosols using a single trapping procedure followed by physical extraction. The trap is a plug of amorphous silica fibres (0.75 g of 4 µm diameter) within a 10mL syringe inserted between the e-cigarette mouthpiece and the pump of the vaping machine. The method is evaluated for emissions from three generations of e-cigarette device (Kangertech CE4, EVOD and Subox Mini-C). On average the silica wool traps about 94% of the vapourised liquid mass in the three devices and higher levels of condensate is retained before reaching saturation compared with CFP. The condensate is then physically extracted from the silica wool plug using a centrifuge. Condensate is then available for use directly in multiple analytical procedures or toxicological experiments. The method is tested by comparison with published analyses of carbonyls, among the most potent toxicants and carcinogens in e-cigarette emissions. Ranges for HPLC-DAD analyses of carbonyl-DNPH derivatives in a laboratory formulation of e-liquid are formaldehyde (0.182±0.023 to 9.896±0.709 µg puff-1), acetaldehyde (0.059±0.005 to 0.791±0.073 µg puff-1) and propionaldehyde (0.008±0.0001 to 0.033±0.023 µg puff-1); other carbonyls are identified and quantified. Carbonyls concentrations are also consistent with published experiments showing marked increases in with variable power settings (10W - 50W). Compared with CFPs, e-cigarette aerosol collection by silica wool requires only one vaping session for multiple analyte groups, traps more condensate per puff, collects more condensate before saturating.

AB - Analysing harmful constituents in e-cigarette aerosols typically involves adopting a methodology used for analysing tobacco smoke. Cambridge filter pads (CFP) are the basis of numerous protocols for analysing the various classes of compounds representing 93 harmful and potentially harmful constituents identified in tobacco smoke by the FDA. This paper describes a simplified method for trapping the low volatility components of e-cigarette aerosols using a single trapping procedure followed by physical extraction. The trap is a plug of amorphous silica fibres (0.75 g of 4 µm diameter) within a 10mL syringe inserted between the e-cigarette mouthpiece and the pump of the vaping machine. The method is evaluated for emissions from three generations of e-cigarette device (Kangertech CE4, EVOD and Subox Mini-C). On average the silica wool traps about 94% of the vapourised liquid mass in the three devices and higher levels of condensate is retained before reaching saturation compared with CFP. The condensate is then physically extracted from the silica wool plug using a centrifuge. Condensate is then available for use directly in multiple analytical procedures or toxicological experiments. The method is tested by comparison with published analyses of carbonyls, among the most potent toxicants and carcinogens in e-cigarette emissions. Ranges for HPLC-DAD analyses of carbonyl-DNPH derivatives in a laboratory formulation of e-liquid are formaldehyde (0.182±0.023 to 9.896±0.709 µg puff-1), acetaldehyde (0.059±0.005 to 0.791±0.073 µg puff-1) and propionaldehyde (0.008±0.0001 to 0.033±0.023 µg puff-1); other carbonyls are identified and quantified. Carbonyls concentrations are also consistent with published experiments showing marked increases in with variable power settings (10W - 50W). Compared with CFPs, e-cigarette aerosol collection by silica wool requires only one vaping session for multiple analyte groups, traps more condensate per puff, collects more condensate before saturating.

U2 - 10.1021/acs.chemrestox.9b00214

DO - 10.1021/acs.chemrestox.9b00214

M3 - Article

JO - Chemical Research in Toxicology

JF - Chemical Research in Toxicology

SN - 0893-228X

ER -