A systematic review of social support in youth sport

Daragh Sheridan, Pete Coffee, David Lavallee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)
49 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to provide a systematic review of studies concerning social support in youth sport from 1990 to 2013. A total of 73 studies were evaluated and are reported in four sections: sample characteristics; research designs; social support provider type; and key correlates relating to social support. Samples ranged from 1 to 564. Studies examined a wide range of sports, ages (10–22 years) and competition levels. Studies used qualitative (23%), quantitative (75%) and mixed-model (2%) designs. The main conclusion is that recent advances in the conceptualization of social support have generated a more diverse set of methods to examine the quantity and satisfaction of social support in a sports context. Coaches were identified as the most prevalent provider of social support through offering participants unique forms of tangible, informational, emotional and esteem support. Furthermore, coach, parent and peer support plays a significant role in shaping youth sport experiences both from a positive (athlete motivation levels, elite sport participation) and negative (drop-out) perspective. The discussion focuses on the current status of the research area, limitations, suggested practical implications (e.g., providing proactive support) and future research directions (e.g., examining optimal support matching).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-228
Number of pages31
JournalInternational Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume7
Issue number1
Early online date1 Aug 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Social Support
Sports
Athletes
Youth Sports
Motivation
Research Design
Research
Mentoring

Cite this

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title = "A systematic review of social support in youth sport",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to provide a systematic review of studies concerning social support in youth sport from 1990 to 2013. A total of 73 studies were evaluated and are reported in four sections: sample characteristics; research designs; social support provider type; and key correlates relating to social support. Samples ranged from 1 to 564. Studies examined a wide range of sports, ages (10–22 years) and competition levels. Studies used qualitative (23{\%}), quantitative (75{\%}) and mixed-model (2{\%}) designs. The main conclusion is that recent advances in the conceptualization of social support have generated a more diverse set of methods to examine the quantity and satisfaction of social support in a sports context. Coaches were identified as the most prevalent provider of social support through offering participants unique forms of tangible, informational, emotional and esteem support. Furthermore, coach, parent and peer support plays a significant role in shaping youth sport experiences both from a positive (athlete motivation levels, elite sport participation) and negative (drop-out) perspective. The discussion focuses on the current status of the research area, limitations, suggested practical implications (e.g., providing proactive support) and future research directions (e.g., examining optimal support matching).",
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A systematic review of social support in youth sport. / Sheridan, Daragh; Coffee, Pete; Lavallee, David.

In: International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2014, p. 198-228.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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