A validation of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale and its use in chronic pain

Hilary Selbie*, Blair H. Smith, Alison M. Elliott, Saskia Teunisse, W. Alastair Chambers, Philip C. Hannaford

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Psychological intervention may be effective in chronic pain. A brief, valid and reliable screening tool may assist the targeting of appropriate intervention in primary care. We tested the Psychological Vulnerability Scale (PVS) for use in future community-based studies. A postal questionnaire was sent to 160 adults sampled from a general practice in North East Scotland, and to 40 adults from a hospital-based pain management clinic. The questionnaire included the SF-36, the Chronic Pain Grade (CPG) and chronic pain definition questionnaire. Factor analysis identified one relevant factor with a high eigenvalue of 3.65. All correlations with the SF-36 were significant. The PVS had good internal consistency and moderate test-retest scores, showing the PVS to be a reliable instrument for use in a general population sample. The difference in PVS total score between the pain clinic and general population sample was highly significant (p = 0.006). 32% of community-based individuals with chronic pain and 49% of pain clinic attendees had high psychological vulnerability. Further work is required to assess the usefulness of the PVS in future chronic pain research and clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-162
Number of pages10
JournalPain Clinic
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2004
Externally publishedYes

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    Selbie, H., Smith, B. H., Elliott, A. M., Teunisse, S., Chambers, W. A., & Hannaford, P. C. (2004). A validation of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale and its use in chronic pain. Pain Clinic, 16(2), 153-162. https://doi.org/10.1163/156856904774134352