Acquisition of gender agreement in Lithuanian: exploring the effect of diminutive usage in an elicited production task

Inets Savickiene, Vera Kempe, Patricia J. Brooks

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    22 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    This study examines Lithuanian children's acquisition of gender agreement using an elicited production task. Lithuanian is a richly inflected Baltic language, with two genders and seven cases. Younger (N=24, mean 3;1, 2;5–3;8) and older (N=24, mean 6;3, 5;6–6;9) children were shown pictures of animals and asked to describe them after hearing the animal's name. Animal names differed with respect to familiarity (novel vs. familiar), derivational status (diminutive vs. simplex) and gender (masculine vs. feminine). Analyses of gender-agreement errors based on adjective and pronoun usage indicated that younger children made more errors than older children, with errors more prevalent for novel animal names. For novel animals, and for feminine nouns, children produced fewer errors with nouns introduced in diminutive form. These results complement findings from several Slavic languages (Russian, Serbian and Polish) that diminutives constitute a salient cluster of word forms that may provide an entry point for the child's acquisition of noun morphology.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)477-494
    Number of pages18
    JournalJournal of Child Language
    Volume36
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009

    Keywords

    • Baltic language
    • Gender

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