An evaluation of the uneasy transition towards social enterprise UK

Nnamdi O. Madichie, Magdalena Read

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Owing to ebbing grant funding in the UK in recent years the drive for transforming Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) Voluntary and Community Sector Organisations (VCSOs) from grant-seeking to Socially Enterprising (SE) activity has gathered momentum. However, engaging in entrepreneurial activities requires scaling hurdles in order for firms to successfully break out of the entrenched 'dependability' culture. In this paper, we argue that 'sustainability' can only be achieved incrementally from 'dependability' through 'self-sufficiency'. In doing so, we highlight the uneasy entrepreneurial metamorphosis based on a two-tier survey of BMEs in the Yorkshire and Humber Region of England.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-409
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Management and Enterprise Development
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Black minorities
  • Ethnic minorities
  • BME
  • Capacity building
  • Social entreprise
  • SE
  • Voluntary and community sector organisations
  • VCSOs
  • Yorkshire and Humber Region
  • UK
  • United Kingdom
  • Grants
  • Funding
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Sustainability


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