An idiographic approach to the fluctuation of appraisals and coping during a trapshooting competition

Luis Calmeiro, Gershon Tenenbaum

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Events occurring during competition can impact athletes differently and influence their cognitive states and emotional states. Therefore, appraisal and coping processes are individual and can be understood better using an idiographic approach. The purpose of this study is two-fold: 1) to describe the nature of the fluctuation of emotional states and coping processes during the competition and 2) to propose an idiographic and ecologically valid method of study of these processes through the use of verbal protocols and sequential analysis. One master world-class elite (58 years old and 28 years of competitive experience) and one master 4th-category regional level trapshooter (59 years old and 30 of experience) participated in this study. Participants completed an affect grid after each shot during two competitions of the national trapshooting championship. Each competition was composed of 6 sets of 25 shots. After each set, participants provided verbal reports using a delayed verbal protocol procedure. This procedure consisted of identifying critical moments within the competition, and reporting thoughts and feelings immediately before and after each critical moment. Verbal reports were transcribed verbatim and coded according to Lazarus’ cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotion. Units of information were submitted to event sequential analysis to determine the probability of occurrence of paired-events. The elite level athlete reported a stable pattern of pleasure and arousal levels, while the non-elite athlete reported greater fluctuation of emotional states. It was found great inter- and intra-individual variability depending on the context, but patterns of appraisal and coping were identified through sequential analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Event12th World Congress of the International Society of Sport Psychology - Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
Duration: 17 Jun 200921 Jun 2009

Conference

Conference12th World Congress of the International Society of Sport Psychology
CountryMorocco
CityMarrakech
Period17/06/0921/06/09

Fingerprint

Athletes
Emotions
Pleasure
Arousal

Cite this

Calmeiro, L., & Tenenbaum, G. (2009). An idiographic approach to the fluctuation of appraisals and coping during a trapshooting competition. Poster session presented at 12th World Congress of the International Society of Sport Psychology, Marrakech, Morocco.
Calmeiro, Luis ; Tenenbaum, Gershon. / An idiographic approach to the fluctuation of appraisals and coping during a trapshooting competition. Poster session presented at 12th World Congress of the International Society of Sport Psychology, Marrakech, Morocco.
@conference{3d021b154ace45a2bb7edcf8d2bfabf0,
title = "An idiographic approach to the fluctuation of appraisals and coping during a trapshooting competition",
abstract = "Events occurring during competition can impact athletes differently and influence their cognitive states and emotional states. Therefore, appraisal and coping processes are individual and can be understood better using an idiographic approach. The purpose of this study is two-fold: 1) to describe the nature of the fluctuation of emotional states and coping processes during the competition and 2) to propose an idiographic and ecologically valid method of study of these processes through the use of verbal protocols and sequential analysis. One master world-class elite (58 years old and 28 years of competitive experience) and one master 4th-category regional level trapshooter (59 years old and 30 of experience) participated in this study. Participants completed an affect grid after each shot during two competitions of the national trapshooting championship. Each competition was composed of 6 sets of 25 shots. After each set, participants provided verbal reports using a delayed verbal protocol procedure. This procedure consisted of identifying critical moments within the competition, and reporting thoughts and feelings immediately before and after each critical moment. Verbal reports were transcribed verbatim and coded according to Lazarus’ cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotion. Units of information were submitted to event sequential analysis to determine the probability of occurrence of paired-events. The elite level athlete reported a stable pattern of pleasure and arousal levels, while the non-elite athlete reported greater fluctuation of emotional states. It was found great inter- and intra-individual variability depending on the context, but patterns of appraisal and coping were identified through sequential analysis.",
author = "Luis Calmeiro and Gershon Tenenbaum",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
note = "12th World Congress of the International Society of Sport Psychology ; Conference date: 17-06-2009 Through 21-06-2009",

}

Calmeiro, L & Tenenbaum, G 2009, 'An idiographic approach to the fluctuation of appraisals and coping during a trapshooting competition' 12th World Congress of the International Society of Sport Psychology, Marrakech, Morocco, 17/06/09 - 21/06/09, .

An idiographic approach to the fluctuation of appraisals and coping during a trapshooting competition. / Calmeiro, Luis; Tenenbaum, Gershon.

2009. Poster session presented at 12th World Congress of the International Society of Sport Psychology, Marrakech, Morocco.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

TY - CONF

T1 - An idiographic approach to the fluctuation of appraisals and coping during a trapshooting competition

AU - Calmeiro, Luis

AU - Tenenbaum, Gershon

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Events occurring during competition can impact athletes differently and influence their cognitive states and emotional states. Therefore, appraisal and coping processes are individual and can be understood better using an idiographic approach. The purpose of this study is two-fold: 1) to describe the nature of the fluctuation of emotional states and coping processes during the competition and 2) to propose an idiographic and ecologically valid method of study of these processes through the use of verbal protocols and sequential analysis. One master world-class elite (58 years old and 28 years of competitive experience) and one master 4th-category regional level trapshooter (59 years old and 30 of experience) participated in this study. Participants completed an affect grid after each shot during two competitions of the national trapshooting championship. Each competition was composed of 6 sets of 25 shots. After each set, participants provided verbal reports using a delayed verbal protocol procedure. This procedure consisted of identifying critical moments within the competition, and reporting thoughts and feelings immediately before and after each critical moment. Verbal reports were transcribed verbatim and coded according to Lazarus’ cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotion. Units of information were submitted to event sequential analysis to determine the probability of occurrence of paired-events. The elite level athlete reported a stable pattern of pleasure and arousal levels, while the non-elite athlete reported greater fluctuation of emotional states. It was found great inter- and intra-individual variability depending on the context, but patterns of appraisal and coping were identified through sequential analysis.

AB - Events occurring during competition can impact athletes differently and influence their cognitive states and emotional states. Therefore, appraisal and coping processes are individual and can be understood better using an idiographic approach. The purpose of this study is two-fold: 1) to describe the nature of the fluctuation of emotional states and coping processes during the competition and 2) to propose an idiographic and ecologically valid method of study of these processes through the use of verbal protocols and sequential analysis. One master world-class elite (58 years old and 28 years of competitive experience) and one master 4th-category regional level trapshooter (59 years old and 30 of experience) participated in this study. Participants completed an affect grid after each shot during two competitions of the national trapshooting championship. Each competition was composed of 6 sets of 25 shots. After each set, participants provided verbal reports using a delayed verbal protocol procedure. This procedure consisted of identifying critical moments within the competition, and reporting thoughts and feelings immediately before and after each critical moment. Verbal reports were transcribed verbatim and coded according to Lazarus’ cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotion. Units of information were submitted to event sequential analysis to determine the probability of occurrence of paired-events. The elite level athlete reported a stable pattern of pleasure and arousal levels, while the non-elite athlete reported greater fluctuation of emotional states. It was found great inter- and intra-individual variability depending on the context, but patterns of appraisal and coping were identified through sequential analysis.

M3 - Poster

ER -

Calmeiro L, Tenenbaum G. An idiographic approach to the fluctuation of appraisals and coping during a trapshooting competition. 2009. Poster session presented at 12th World Congress of the International Society of Sport Psychology, Marrakech, Morocco.