Parents are a unique and enduring feature in the sporting lives of children involved in youth shaping their experiences, behaviours and goals. Through recognising the challenges of parental involvement it is important to examine the factors that influence parents’ experience and involvement in youth sports. The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of parental involvement in sport literature with a focus on; antecedents and consequence of parental involvement, athletes’ experience of parental behaviours and factors that influence parents’ decisions within youth sport. We used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P; 2015) guidelines. SPORTDiscus, PsychInfo, Web of Science, Science Direct,Scopus and Google Scholar were consulted. Seventy-four papers written in English, Spanish or Portuguese, involving parental or athletic population (8-18 years old), published in peer-reviewed journals between January 1974 and October 2018 were included in the analysis. These were assessed using the Standard Quality Assessment Criteria for Primary Research Papers from a Variety of Fields (Kmet, Lee, & Cook; 2004). The results indicate parental involvement is moderated by a number of diverse behaviours and settings (e.g. level of sport, pressure experienced, goals, and environment). Youth experience during sport is influenced by parental perceptions (e.g. perceived benefit of the sport, athlete’s positive or negative experience during sport, verbal behaviour) and the consequences young people perceived parental involvement (e.g. parent-athlete motivation, continuing involvement, enjoyment, psychosocial outcomes). These antecedents and consequences of parental involvement are important to consider when addressing research design specifically exploring the stability or fluctuation of parental behaviours, influences and decision on youth sporting experiences.
|Number of pages||2|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Oct 2019|
|Event||34th Annual Meeting of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology - Hilton Portland Downtown, Portland, United States|
Duration: 23 Oct 2019 → 26 Oct 2019
Conference number: 34th
|Conference||34th Annual Meeting of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology|
|Abbreviated title||AASP 2019|
|Period||23/10/19 → 26/10/19|
Price, V., Calmeiro, L., Lavallee, D., & MacLean, C. (2019). Antecedents and consequences of parental involvement in youth sport experience. 119-120. Abstract from 34th Annual Meeting of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology, Portland, United States.