Applying the theories of reasoned action and planned behavior to athlete training adherence behavior

Ailsa G. Anderson*, David Lavallee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)


The ability of the Theories of Reasoned Action (TRA) and Planned Behavior (TPB) to predict adherence to training in a group of athletes (N = 46; M age = 20.2, SD = 3.7 years) who had recently been introduced to a new strength and conditioning training regimen was investigated. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that the TPB was superior to the TRA in predicting training behavior and accounted for 24 per cent of variance in adherence to training (F(2, 43) = 8.20, p <.01) with perceived behavioral control contributing independently. Perceived behavioral control appeared to be more important in determining adherence in early stages of training. These results suggest that the TPB and TRA offer theoretical frameworks to examine adherence to new training regimens, and that they may be used to direct interventions to increase training adherence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-312
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes


Cite this