Are cast-shadows coarsely processed? Using cue-conflict stimuli to explore perceptual weightings

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstract

Abstract

Cast shadows provide a strong cue to depth (Mammassian, Knill, & Kersten, 1998). Search times for inconsistent shadows differ when images are presented upside-down, compared to upright. Some studies have shown faster detection in upside-down images (Rensink & Cavanagh, 2004), while others have found faster detection for upright images with large shadow discrepancies, but the opposite pattern for small discrepancies (Lovell et al., 2009). Lovell et al. suggest that this pattern of results is explained by a coarsely scaled shadow processing mechanism that only comes into play with light-from-above stimuli. Here we report a series of experiments that explore whether shadows are coarsely processed. Stimuli feature floating discs casting a shadow onto a vertical (fronto-parallel) surface. The observer was asked to identify which disc was located furthest towards the observer; the only available cue was the cast-shadow. Stimuli contained a cue-conflict, where higher and lower spatial frequency components convey different physical depths. By examining the location of the point of subjective equality relative to the two cuedepths, we can estimate perceptual weightings for the coarse and fine-scaled information, we can also examine the differences in these weightings for upright and upside-down images. In upright images coarser cues seem to receive stronger perceptual weighting.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-268
Number of pages1
Journali-Perception
Volume5
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014
EventAsia Pacific Conference on Vision 2014 - Takamatsu, Japan
Duration: 19 Jul 201422 Jul 2014

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Cues
Casting
Processing
Experiments
Light
Conflict (Psychology)

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title = "Are cast-shadows coarsely processed? Using cue-conflict stimuli to explore perceptual weightings",
abstract = "Cast shadows provide a strong cue to depth (Mammassian, Knill, & Kersten, 1998). Search times for inconsistent shadows differ when images are presented upside-down, compared to upright. Some studies have shown faster detection in upside-down images (Rensink & Cavanagh, 2004), while others have found faster detection for upright images with large shadow discrepancies, but the opposite pattern for small discrepancies (Lovell et al., 2009). Lovell et al. suggest that this pattern of results is explained by a coarsely scaled shadow processing mechanism that only comes into play with light-from-above stimuli. Here we report a series of experiments that explore whether shadows are coarsely processed. Stimuli feature floating discs casting a shadow onto a vertical (fronto-parallel) surface. The observer was asked to identify which disc was located furthest towards the observer; the only available cue was the cast-shadow. Stimuli contained a cue-conflict, where higher and lower spatial frequency components convey different physical depths. By examining the location of the point of subjective equality relative to the two cuedepths, we can estimate perceptual weightings for the coarse and fine-scaled information, we can also examine the differences in these weightings for upright and upside-down images. In upright images coarser cues seem to receive stronger perceptual weighting.",
author = "Lovell, {P. George} and Ken Scott-Brown",
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language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "268--268",
journal = "i-Perception",
issn = "2041-6695",
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Are cast-shadows coarsely processed? Using cue-conflict stimuli to explore perceptual weightings. / Lovell, P. George; Scott-Brown, Ken.

In: i-Perception, Vol. 5, No. 4, 06.2014, p. 268-268.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstract

TY - JOUR

T1 - Are cast-shadows coarsely processed? Using cue-conflict stimuli to explore perceptual weightings

AU - Lovell, P. George

AU - Scott-Brown, Ken

PY - 2014/6

Y1 - 2014/6

N2 - Cast shadows provide a strong cue to depth (Mammassian, Knill, & Kersten, 1998). Search times for inconsistent shadows differ when images are presented upside-down, compared to upright. Some studies have shown faster detection in upside-down images (Rensink & Cavanagh, 2004), while others have found faster detection for upright images with large shadow discrepancies, but the opposite pattern for small discrepancies (Lovell et al., 2009). Lovell et al. suggest that this pattern of results is explained by a coarsely scaled shadow processing mechanism that only comes into play with light-from-above stimuli. Here we report a series of experiments that explore whether shadows are coarsely processed. Stimuli feature floating discs casting a shadow onto a vertical (fronto-parallel) surface. The observer was asked to identify which disc was located furthest towards the observer; the only available cue was the cast-shadow. Stimuli contained a cue-conflict, where higher and lower spatial frequency components convey different physical depths. By examining the location of the point of subjective equality relative to the two cuedepths, we can estimate perceptual weightings for the coarse and fine-scaled information, we can also examine the differences in these weightings for upright and upside-down images. In upright images coarser cues seem to receive stronger perceptual weighting.

AB - Cast shadows provide a strong cue to depth (Mammassian, Knill, & Kersten, 1998). Search times for inconsistent shadows differ when images are presented upside-down, compared to upright. Some studies have shown faster detection in upside-down images (Rensink & Cavanagh, 2004), while others have found faster detection for upright images with large shadow discrepancies, but the opposite pattern for small discrepancies (Lovell et al., 2009). Lovell et al. suggest that this pattern of results is explained by a coarsely scaled shadow processing mechanism that only comes into play with light-from-above stimuli. Here we report a series of experiments that explore whether shadows are coarsely processed. Stimuli feature floating discs casting a shadow onto a vertical (fronto-parallel) surface. The observer was asked to identify which disc was located furthest towards the observer; the only available cue was the cast-shadow. Stimuli contained a cue-conflict, where higher and lower spatial frequency components convey different physical depths. By examining the location of the point of subjective equality relative to the two cuedepths, we can estimate perceptual weightings for the coarse and fine-scaled information, we can also examine the differences in these weightings for upright and upside-down images. In upright images coarser cues seem to receive stronger perceptual weighting.

M3 - Meeting Abstract

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SP - 268

EP - 268

JO - i-Perception

JF - i-Perception

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