Athletes' career transition out of sport: asystematic review

Sunghee Park*, David Lavallee, David Tod

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to provide a systematic review of studies on athletes' career transition out of sport from 1968 until the end of 2010. A total of 126 studies were evaluated and reported in three sections: sample characteristics, research designs and correlates of athletes' career transition adjustment. Samples ranged from 1 to 1617. Investigators examined a wide range of competitive levels, both genders and various sports. Researchers have used qualitative (44%), quantitative (44%), and mixed-model (12%) designs. Variables correlated to athletes' career transition adjustment were categorized into factors related to career transition (e.g., self-identity) and available resources during the career transition process (e.g., social support). The discussion focuses on the current status of the study area, limitations in its knowledge, suggested practical implications (e.g., providing proactive support) and future research directions (e.g., examining athletes' retirement decision-making process).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-53
Number of pages32
JournalInternational Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Athletes
Sports
Social Adjustment
Research Personnel
Retirement
Social Support
Decision Making
Research Design

Cite this

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Athletes' career transition out of sport : asystematic review. / Park, Sunghee; Lavallee, David; Tod, David.

In: International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Vol. 6, No. 1, 21.02.2013, p. 22-53.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Athletes' career transition out of sport

T2 - asystematic review

AU - Park, Sunghee

AU - Lavallee, David

AU - Tod, David

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AB - The purpose of this study was to provide a systematic review of studies on athletes' career transition out of sport from 1968 until the end of 2010. A total of 126 studies were evaluated and reported in three sections: sample characteristics, research designs and correlates of athletes' career transition adjustment. Samples ranged from 1 to 1617. Investigators examined a wide range of competitive levels, both genders and various sports. Researchers have used qualitative (44%), quantitative (44%), and mixed-model (12%) designs. Variables correlated to athletes' career transition adjustment were categorized into factors related to career transition (e.g., self-identity) and available resources during the career transition process (e.g., social support). The discussion focuses on the current status of the study area, limitations in its knowledge, suggested practical implications (e.g., providing proactive support) and future research directions (e.g., examining athletes' retirement decision-making process).

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