Biopiracy versus one-world medicine – from colonial relicts to global collaborative concepts

Thomas Efferth, Mita Banerjee, Mohammad Sanad Abu-Darwish, Sara Abdelfatah, Madeleine Bockers, Dipita Bhakta-Guha, Vanderlan Bolzani, Salah Daak, Omur Lutfiye Demirezer, Mona Dawood, Monika Efferth, Hesham R. El-Seedi, Nicolas Fischer, Henry J. Greten, Sami Hamdoun, Chunlan Hong, Markus Horneber, Onat Kadioglu, Hassan E. Khalid, Sami A. Khalid & 21 others Victor Kuete, Nuha Mahmoud, José Marin, Armelle Mbaveng, Jacob Midiwo, Hiroshi Nakagawa, Janine Naß, Olipa Ngassapa, Dominic Ochwang, Leonida K. Omosa, Edna A. Ooko, Nadire Özenver, Poornima Paramasivan, Marta Rodriguez Romero, Mohamed E.M. Saeed, Ligia Salgueiro, Ean-Jeong Seo, Ge Yan, Zahir Yasin, Elfatih M. Saeed, Norbert W. Paul

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    Abstract

    Background: Practices of biopiracy to use genetic resources and indigenous knowledge by Western companies without benefit-sharing of those, who generated the traditional knowledge, can be understood as form of neocolonialism.

    Hypothesis: : The One-World Medicine concept attempts to merge the best of traditional medicine from developing countries and conventional Western medicine for the sake of patients around the globe.

    Study design: Based on literature searches in several databases, a concept paper has been written. Legislative initiatives of the United Nations culminated in the Nagoya protocol aim to protect traditional knowledge and regulate benefit-sharing with indigenous communities. The European community adopted the Nagoya protocol, and the corresponding regulations will be implemented into national legislation among the member states. Despite pleasing progress, infrastructural problems of the health care systems in developing countries still remain. Current approaches to secure primary health care offer only fragmentary solutions at best. Conventional medicine from industrialized countries cannot be afforded by the impoverished population in the Third World. Confronted with exploding costs, even health systems in Western countries are endangered to burst. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular among the general public in industrialized countries, although the efficacy is not sufficiently proven according to the standards of evidence-based medicine. CAM is often available without prescription as over-the-counter products with non-calculated risks concerning erroneous self-medication and safety/toxicity issues. The concept of integrative medicine attempts to combine holistic CAM approaches with evidence-based principles of conventional medicine.

    Conclusion: To realize the concept of One-World Medicine, a number of standards have to be set to assure safety, efficacy and applicability of traditional medicine, e.g. sustainable production and quality control of herbal products, performance of placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trials, phytovigilance, as well as education of health professionals and patients.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)319-331
    Number of pages13
    JournalPhytomedicine
    Volume53
    Early online date11 Jun 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2019

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    Complementary Therapies
    Medicine
    Traditional Medicine
    Developed Countries
    Developing Countries
    Integrative Medicine
    Holistic Health
    Safety
    Self Medication
    Professional Education
    United Nations
    Evidence-Based Medicine
    European Union
    Legislation
    Health Education
    Quality Control
    Health Care Costs
    Prescriptions
    Primary Health Care
    Randomized Controlled Trials

    Cite this

    Efferth, T., Banerjee, M., Abu-Darwish, M. S., Abdelfatah, S., Bockers, M., Bhakta-Guha, D., ... Paul, N. W. (2019). Biopiracy versus one-world medicine – from colonial relicts to global collaborative concepts. Phytomedicine, 53, 319-331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2018.06.007
    Efferth, Thomas ; Banerjee, Mita ; Abu-Darwish, Mohammad Sanad ; Abdelfatah, Sara ; Bockers, Madeleine ; Bhakta-Guha, Dipita ; Bolzani, Vanderlan ; Daak, Salah ; Demirezer, Omur Lutfiye ; Dawood, Mona ; Efferth, Monika ; El-Seedi, Hesham R. ; Fischer, Nicolas ; Greten, Henry J. ; Hamdoun, Sami ; Hong, Chunlan ; Horneber, Markus ; Kadioglu, Onat ; Khalid, Hassan E. ; Khalid, Sami A. ; Kuete, Victor ; Mahmoud, Nuha ; Marin, José ; Mbaveng, Armelle ; Midiwo, Jacob ; Nakagawa, Hiroshi ; Naß, Janine ; Ngassapa, Olipa ; Ochwang, Dominic ; Omosa, Leonida K. ; Ooko, Edna A. ; Özenver, Nadire ; Paramasivan, Poornima ; Rodriguez Romero, Marta ; Saeed, Mohamed E.M. ; Salgueiro, Ligia ; Seo, Ean-Jeong ; Yan, Ge ; Yasin, Zahir ; Saeed, Elfatih M. ; Paul, Norbert W. / Biopiracy versus one-world medicine – from colonial relicts to global collaborative concepts. In: Phytomedicine. 2019 ; Vol. 53. pp. 319-331.
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    abstract = "Background: Practices of biopiracy to use genetic resources and indigenous knowledge by Western companies without benefit-sharing of those, who generated the traditional knowledge, can be understood as form of neocolonialism.Hypothesis: : The One-World Medicine concept attempts to merge the best of traditional medicine from developing countries and conventional Western medicine for the sake of patients around the globe.Study design: Based on literature searches in several databases, a concept paper has been written. Legislative initiatives of the United Nations culminated in the Nagoya protocol aim to protect traditional knowledge and regulate benefit-sharing with indigenous communities. The European community adopted the Nagoya protocol, and the corresponding regulations will be implemented into national legislation among the member states. Despite pleasing progress, infrastructural problems of the health care systems in developing countries still remain. Current approaches to secure primary health care offer only fragmentary solutions at best. Conventional medicine from industrialized countries cannot be afforded by the impoverished population in the Third World. Confronted with exploding costs, even health systems in Western countries are endangered to burst. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular among the general public in industrialized countries, although the efficacy is not sufficiently proven according to the standards of evidence-based medicine. CAM is often available without prescription as over-the-counter products with non-calculated risks concerning erroneous self-medication and safety/toxicity issues. The concept of integrative medicine attempts to combine holistic CAM approaches with evidence-based principles of conventional medicine.Conclusion: To realize the concept of One-World Medicine, a number of standards have to be set to assure safety, efficacy and applicability of traditional medicine, e.g. sustainable production and quality control of herbal products, performance of placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trials, phytovigilance, as well as education of health professionals and patients.",
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    Efferth, T, Banerjee, M, Abu-Darwish, MS, Abdelfatah, S, Bockers, M, Bhakta-Guha, D, Bolzani, V, Daak, S, Demirezer, OL, Dawood, M, Efferth, M, El-Seedi, HR, Fischer, N, Greten, HJ, Hamdoun, S, Hong, C, Horneber, M, Kadioglu, O, Khalid, HE, Khalid, SA, Kuete, V, Mahmoud, N, Marin, J, Mbaveng, A, Midiwo, J, Nakagawa, H, Naß, J, Ngassapa, O, Ochwang, D, Omosa, LK, Ooko, EA, Özenver, N, Paramasivan, P, Rodriguez Romero, M, Saeed, MEM, Salgueiro, L, Seo, E-J, Yan, G, Yasin, Z, Saeed, EM & Paul, NW 2019, 'Biopiracy versus one-world medicine – from colonial relicts to global collaborative concepts', Phytomedicine, vol. 53, pp. 319-331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2018.06.007

    Biopiracy versus one-world medicine – from colonial relicts to global collaborative concepts. / Efferth, Thomas ; Banerjee, Mita ; Abu-Darwish, Mohammad Sanad ; Abdelfatah, Sara ; Bockers, Madeleine ; Bhakta-Guha, Dipita; Bolzani, Vanderlan; Daak, Salah; Demirezer, Omur Lutfiye ; Dawood, Mona; Efferth, Monika ; El-Seedi, Hesham R. ; Fischer, Nicolas; Greten, Henry J.; Hamdoun, Sami ; Hong, Chunlan ; Horneber, Markus ; Kadioglu, Onat ; Khalid, Hassan E. ; Khalid, Sami A.; Kuete, Victor ; Mahmoud, Nuha; Marin, José ; Mbaveng, Armelle; Midiwo, Jacob ; Nakagawa, Hiroshi ; Naß, Janine; Ngassapa, Olipa ; Ochwang, Dominic ; Omosa, Leonida K. ; Ooko, Edna A. ; Özenver, Nadire ; Paramasivan, Poornima; Rodriguez Romero, Marta ; Saeed, Mohamed E.M. ; Salgueiro, Ligia ; Seo, Ean-Jeong ; Yan, Ge ; Yasin, Zahir ; Saeed, Elfatih M.; Paul, Norbert W.

    In: Phytomedicine, Vol. 53, 28.02.2019, p. 319-331.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Biopiracy versus one-world medicine – from colonial relicts to global collaborative concepts

    AU - Efferth, Thomas

    AU - Banerjee, Mita

    AU - Abu-Darwish, Mohammad Sanad

    AU - Abdelfatah, Sara

    AU - Bockers, Madeleine

    AU - Bhakta-Guha, Dipita

    AU - Bolzani, Vanderlan

    AU - Daak, Salah

    AU - Demirezer, Omur Lutfiye

    AU - Dawood, Mona

    AU - Efferth, Monika

    AU - El-Seedi, Hesham R.

    AU - Fischer, Nicolas

    AU - Greten, Henry J.

    AU - Hamdoun, Sami

    AU - Hong, Chunlan

    AU - Horneber, Markus

    AU - Kadioglu, Onat

    AU - Khalid, Hassan E.

    AU - Khalid, Sami A.

    AU - Kuete, Victor

    AU - Mahmoud, Nuha

    AU - Marin, José

    AU - Mbaveng, Armelle

    AU - Midiwo, Jacob

    AU - Nakagawa, Hiroshi

    AU - Naß, Janine

    AU - Ngassapa, Olipa

    AU - Ochwang, Dominic

    AU - Omosa, Leonida K.

    AU - Ooko, Edna A.

    AU - Özenver, Nadire

    AU - Paramasivan, Poornima

    AU - Rodriguez Romero, Marta

    AU - Saeed, Mohamed E.M.

    AU - Salgueiro, Ligia

    AU - Seo, Ean-Jeong

    AU - Yan, Ge

    AU - Yasin, Zahir

    AU - Saeed, Elfatih M.

    AU - Paul, Norbert W.

    PY - 2019/2/28

    Y1 - 2019/2/28

    N2 - Background: Practices of biopiracy to use genetic resources and indigenous knowledge by Western companies without benefit-sharing of those, who generated the traditional knowledge, can be understood as form of neocolonialism.Hypothesis: : The One-World Medicine concept attempts to merge the best of traditional medicine from developing countries and conventional Western medicine for the sake of patients around the globe.Study design: Based on literature searches in several databases, a concept paper has been written. Legislative initiatives of the United Nations culminated in the Nagoya protocol aim to protect traditional knowledge and regulate benefit-sharing with indigenous communities. The European community adopted the Nagoya protocol, and the corresponding regulations will be implemented into national legislation among the member states. Despite pleasing progress, infrastructural problems of the health care systems in developing countries still remain. Current approaches to secure primary health care offer only fragmentary solutions at best. Conventional medicine from industrialized countries cannot be afforded by the impoverished population in the Third World. Confronted with exploding costs, even health systems in Western countries are endangered to burst. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular among the general public in industrialized countries, although the efficacy is not sufficiently proven according to the standards of evidence-based medicine. CAM is often available without prescription as over-the-counter products with non-calculated risks concerning erroneous self-medication and safety/toxicity issues. The concept of integrative medicine attempts to combine holistic CAM approaches with evidence-based principles of conventional medicine.Conclusion: To realize the concept of One-World Medicine, a number of standards have to be set to assure safety, efficacy and applicability of traditional medicine, e.g. sustainable production and quality control of herbal products, performance of placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trials, phytovigilance, as well as education of health professionals and patients.

    AB - Background: Practices of biopiracy to use genetic resources and indigenous knowledge by Western companies without benefit-sharing of those, who generated the traditional knowledge, can be understood as form of neocolonialism.Hypothesis: : The One-World Medicine concept attempts to merge the best of traditional medicine from developing countries and conventional Western medicine for the sake of patients around the globe.Study design: Based on literature searches in several databases, a concept paper has been written. Legislative initiatives of the United Nations culminated in the Nagoya protocol aim to protect traditional knowledge and regulate benefit-sharing with indigenous communities. The European community adopted the Nagoya protocol, and the corresponding regulations will be implemented into national legislation among the member states. Despite pleasing progress, infrastructural problems of the health care systems in developing countries still remain. Current approaches to secure primary health care offer only fragmentary solutions at best. Conventional medicine from industrialized countries cannot be afforded by the impoverished population in the Third World. Confronted with exploding costs, even health systems in Western countries are endangered to burst. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular among the general public in industrialized countries, although the efficacy is not sufficiently proven according to the standards of evidence-based medicine. CAM is often available without prescription as over-the-counter products with non-calculated risks concerning erroneous self-medication and safety/toxicity issues. The concept of integrative medicine attempts to combine holistic CAM approaches with evidence-based principles of conventional medicine.Conclusion: To realize the concept of One-World Medicine, a number of standards have to be set to assure safety, efficacy and applicability of traditional medicine, e.g. sustainable production and quality control of herbal products, performance of placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trials, phytovigilance, as well as education of health professionals and patients.

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    DO - 10.1016/j.phymed.2018.06.007

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    JO - Phytomedicine

    JF - Phytomedicine

    SN - 0944-7113

    ER -

    Efferth T, Banerjee M, Abu-Darwish MS, Abdelfatah S, Bockers M, Bhakta-Guha D et al. Biopiracy versus one-world medicine – from colonial relicts to global collaborative concepts. Phytomedicine. 2019 Feb 28;53:319-331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2018.06.007