Biopiracy versus one-world medicine – from colonial relicts to global collaborative concepts

Thomas Efferth, Mita Banerjee, Mohammad Sanad Abu-Darwish, Sara Abdelfatah, Madeleine Bockers, Dipita Bhakta-Guha, Vanderlan Bolzani, Salah Daak, Omur Lutfiye Demirezer, Mona Dawood, Monika Efferth, Hesham R. El-Seedi, Nicolas Fischer, Henry J. Greten, Sami Hamdoun, Chunlan Hong, Markus Horneber, Onat Kadioglu, Hassan E. Khalid, Sami A. Khalid & 21 others Victor Kuete, Nuha Mahmoud, José Marin, Armelle Mbaveng, Jacob Midiwo, Hiroshi Nakagawa, Janine Naß, Olipa Ngassapa, Dominic Ochwang, Leonida K. Omosa, Edna A. Ooko, Nadire Özenver, Paramasivan Poornima, Marta Rodriguez Romero, Mohamed E.M. Saeed, Ligia Salgueiro, Ean-Jeong Seo, Ge Yan, Zahir Yasin, Elfatih M. Saeed, Norbert W. Paul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background
Practices of biopiracy to use genetic resources and indigenous knowledge by Western companies without benefit-sharing of those, who generated the traditional knowledge, can be understood as form of neocolonialism.

Hypothesis
: The One-World Medicine concept attempts to merge the best of traditional medicine from developing countries and conventional Western medicine for the sake of patients around the globe.

Study design
Based on literature searches in several databases, a concept paper has been written. Legislative initiatives of the United Nations culminated in the Nagoya protocol aim to protect traditional knowledge and regulate benefit-sharing with indigenous communities. The European community adopted the Nagoya protocol, and the corresponding regulations will be implemented into national legislation among the member states. Despite pleasing progress, infrastructural problems of the health care systems in developing countries still remain. Current approaches to secure primary health care offer only fragmentary solutions at best. Conventional medicine from industrialized countries cannot be afforded by the impoverished population in the Third World. Confronted with exploding costs, even health systems in Western countries are endangered to burst. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular among the general public in industrialized countries, although the efficacy is not sufficiently proven according to the standards of evidence-based medicine. CAM is often available without prescription as over-the-counter products with non-calculated risks concerning erroneous self-medication and safety/toxicity issues. The concept of integrative medicine attempts to combine holistic CAM approaches with evidence-based principles of conventional medicine.

Conclusion
To realize the concept of One-World Medicine, a number of standards have to be set to assure safety, efficacy and applicability of traditional medicine, e.g. sustainable production and quality control of herbal products, performance of placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trials, phytovigilance, as well as education of health professionals and patients.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages42
JournalPhytomedicine
Early online date11 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Complementary Therapies
Medicine
Traditional Medicine
Developed Countries
Developing Countries
Integrative Medicine
Holistic Health
Safety
Self Medication
Professional Education
United Nations
Evidence-Based Medicine
European Union
Legislation
Health Education
Quality Control
Health Care Costs
Prescriptions
Primary Health Care
Randomized Controlled Trials

Cite this

Efferth, T., Banerjee, M., Abu-Darwish, M. S., Abdelfatah, S., Bockers, M., Bhakta-Guha, D., ... Paul, N. W. (2018). Biopiracy versus one-world medicine – from colonial relicts to global collaborative concepts. Phytomedicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2018.06.007
Efferth, Thomas ; Banerjee, Mita ; Abu-Darwish, Mohammad Sanad ; Abdelfatah, Sara ; Bockers, Madeleine ; Bhakta-Guha, Dipita ; Bolzani, Vanderlan ; Daak, Salah ; Demirezer, Omur Lutfiye ; Dawood, Mona ; Efferth, Monika ; El-Seedi, Hesham R. ; Fischer, Nicolas ; Greten, Henry J. ; Hamdoun, Sami ; Hong, Chunlan ; Horneber, Markus ; Kadioglu, Onat ; Khalid, Hassan E. ; Khalid, Sami A. ; Kuete, Victor ; Mahmoud, Nuha ; Marin, José ; Mbaveng, Armelle ; Midiwo, Jacob ; Nakagawa, Hiroshi ; Naß, Janine ; Ngassapa, Olipa ; Ochwang, Dominic ; Omosa, Leonida K. ; Ooko, Edna A. ; Özenver, Nadire ; Poornima, Paramasivan ; Rodriguez Romero, Marta ; Saeed, Mohamed E.M. ; Salgueiro, Ligia ; Seo, Ean-Jeong ; Yan, Ge ; Yasin, Zahir ; Saeed, Elfatih M. ; Paul, Norbert W. / Biopiracy versus one-world medicine – from colonial relicts to global collaborative concepts. In: Phytomedicine. 2018.
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abstract = "BackgroundPractices of biopiracy to use genetic resources and indigenous knowledge by Western companies without benefit-sharing of those, who generated the traditional knowledge, can be understood as form of neocolonialism.Hypothesis: The One-World Medicine concept attempts to merge the best of traditional medicine from developing countries and conventional Western medicine for the sake of patients around the globe.Study designBased on literature searches in several databases, a concept paper has been written. Legislative initiatives of the United Nations culminated in the Nagoya protocol aim to protect traditional knowledge and regulate benefit-sharing with indigenous communities. The European community adopted the Nagoya protocol, and the corresponding regulations will be implemented into national legislation among the member states. Despite pleasing progress, infrastructural problems of the health care systems in developing countries still remain. Current approaches to secure primary health care offer only fragmentary solutions at best. Conventional medicine from industrialized countries cannot be afforded by the impoverished population in the Third World. Confronted with exploding costs, even health systems in Western countries are endangered to burst. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular among the general public in industrialized countries, although the efficacy is not sufficiently proven according to the standards of evidence-based medicine. CAM is often available without prescription as over-the-counter products with non-calculated risks concerning erroneous self-medication and safety/toxicity issues. The concept of integrative medicine attempts to combine holistic CAM approaches with evidence-based principles of conventional medicine.ConclusionTo realize the concept of One-World Medicine, a number of standards have to be set to assure safety, efficacy and applicability of traditional medicine, e.g. sustainable production and quality control of herbal products, performance of placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trials, phytovigilance, as well as education of health professionals and patients.",
author = "Thomas Efferth and Mita Banerjee and Abu-Darwish, {Mohammad Sanad} and Sara Abdelfatah and Madeleine Bockers and Dipita Bhakta-Guha and Vanderlan Bolzani and Salah Daak and Demirezer, {Omur Lutfiye} and Mona Dawood and Monika Efferth and El-Seedi, {Hesham R.} and Nicolas Fischer and Greten, {Henry J.} and Sami Hamdoun and Chunlan Hong and Markus Horneber and Onat Kadioglu and Khalid, {Hassan E.} and Khalid, {Sami A.} and Victor Kuete and Nuha Mahmoud and Jos{\'e} Marin and Armelle Mbaveng and Jacob Midiwo and Hiroshi Nakagawa and Janine Na{\ss} and Olipa Ngassapa and Dominic Ochwang and Omosa, {Leonida K.} and Ooko, {Edna A.} and Nadire {\"O}zenver and Paramasivan Poornima and {Rodriguez Romero}, Marta and Saeed, {Mohamed E.M.} and Ligia Salgueiro and Ean-Jeong Seo and Ge Yan and Zahir Yasin and Saeed, {Elfatih M.} and Paul, {Norbert W.}",
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Efferth, T, Banerjee, M, Abu-Darwish, MS, Abdelfatah, S, Bockers, M, Bhakta-Guha, D, Bolzani, V, Daak, S, Demirezer, OL, Dawood, M, Efferth, M, El-Seedi, HR, Fischer, N, Greten, HJ, Hamdoun, S, Hong, C, Horneber, M, Kadioglu, O, Khalid, HE, Khalid, SA, Kuete, V, Mahmoud, N, Marin, J, Mbaveng, A, Midiwo, J, Nakagawa, H, Naß, J, Ngassapa, O, Ochwang, D, Omosa, LK, Ooko, EA, Özenver, N, Poornima, P, Rodriguez Romero, M, Saeed, MEM, Salgueiro, L, Seo, E-J, Yan, G, Yasin, Z, Saeed, EM & Paul, NW 2018, 'Biopiracy versus one-world medicine – from colonial relicts to global collaborative concepts' Phytomedicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2018.06.007

Biopiracy versus one-world medicine – from colonial relicts to global collaborative concepts. / Efferth, Thomas ; Banerjee, Mita ; Abu-Darwish, Mohammad Sanad ; Abdelfatah, Sara ; Bockers, Madeleine ; Bhakta-Guha, Dipita; Bolzani, Vanderlan; Daak, Salah; Demirezer, Omur Lutfiye ; Dawood, Mona; Efferth, Monika ; El-Seedi, Hesham R. ; Fischer, Nicolas; Greten, Henry J.; Hamdoun, Sami ; Hong, Chunlan ; Horneber, Markus ; Kadioglu, Onat ; Khalid, Hassan E. ; Khalid, Sami A.; Kuete, Victor ; Mahmoud, Nuha; Marin, José ; Mbaveng, Armelle; Midiwo, Jacob ; Nakagawa, Hiroshi ; Naß, Janine; Ngassapa, Olipa ; Ochwang, Dominic ; Omosa, Leonida K. ; Ooko, Edna A. ; Özenver, Nadire ; Poornima, Paramasivan ; Rodriguez Romero, Marta ; Saeed, Mohamed E.M. ; Salgueiro, Ligia ; Seo, Ean-Jeong ; Yan, Ge ; Yasin, Zahir ; Saeed, Elfatih M.; Paul, Norbert W.

In: Phytomedicine, 11.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biopiracy versus one-world medicine – from colonial relicts to global collaborative concepts

AU - Efferth, Thomas

AU - Banerjee, Mita

AU - Abu-Darwish, Mohammad Sanad

AU - Abdelfatah, Sara

AU - Bockers, Madeleine

AU - Bhakta-Guha, Dipita

AU - Bolzani, Vanderlan

AU - Daak, Salah

AU - Demirezer, Omur Lutfiye

AU - Dawood, Mona

AU - Efferth, Monika

AU - El-Seedi, Hesham R.

AU - Fischer, Nicolas

AU - Greten, Henry J.

AU - Hamdoun, Sami

AU - Hong, Chunlan

AU - Horneber, Markus

AU - Kadioglu, Onat

AU - Khalid, Hassan E.

AU - Khalid, Sami A.

AU - Kuete, Victor

AU - Mahmoud, Nuha

AU - Marin, José

AU - Mbaveng, Armelle

AU - Midiwo, Jacob

AU - Nakagawa, Hiroshi

AU - Naß, Janine

AU - Ngassapa, Olipa

AU - Ochwang, Dominic

AU - Omosa, Leonida K.

AU - Ooko, Edna A.

AU - Özenver, Nadire

AU - Poornima, Paramasivan

AU - Rodriguez Romero, Marta

AU - Saeed, Mohamed E.M.

AU - Salgueiro, Ligia

AU - Seo, Ean-Jeong

AU - Yan, Ge

AU - Yasin, Zahir

AU - Saeed, Elfatih M.

AU - Paul, Norbert W.

PY - 2018/6/11

Y1 - 2018/6/11

N2 - BackgroundPractices of biopiracy to use genetic resources and indigenous knowledge by Western companies without benefit-sharing of those, who generated the traditional knowledge, can be understood as form of neocolonialism.Hypothesis: The One-World Medicine concept attempts to merge the best of traditional medicine from developing countries and conventional Western medicine for the sake of patients around the globe.Study designBased on literature searches in several databases, a concept paper has been written. Legislative initiatives of the United Nations culminated in the Nagoya protocol aim to protect traditional knowledge and regulate benefit-sharing with indigenous communities. The European community adopted the Nagoya protocol, and the corresponding regulations will be implemented into national legislation among the member states. Despite pleasing progress, infrastructural problems of the health care systems in developing countries still remain. Current approaches to secure primary health care offer only fragmentary solutions at best. Conventional medicine from industrialized countries cannot be afforded by the impoverished population in the Third World. Confronted with exploding costs, even health systems in Western countries are endangered to burst. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular among the general public in industrialized countries, although the efficacy is not sufficiently proven according to the standards of evidence-based medicine. CAM is often available without prescription as over-the-counter products with non-calculated risks concerning erroneous self-medication and safety/toxicity issues. The concept of integrative medicine attempts to combine holistic CAM approaches with evidence-based principles of conventional medicine.ConclusionTo realize the concept of One-World Medicine, a number of standards have to be set to assure safety, efficacy and applicability of traditional medicine, e.g. sustainable production and quality control of herbal products, performance of placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trials, phytovigilance, as well as education of health professionals and patients.

AB - BackgroundPractices of biopiracy to use genetic resources and indigenous knowledge by Western companies without benefit-sharing of those, who generated the traditional knowledge, can be understood as form of neocolonialism.Hypothesis: The One-World Medicine concept attempts to merge the best of traditional medicine from developing countries and conventional Western medicine for the sake of patients around the globe.Study designBased on literature searches in several databases, a concept paper has been written. Legislative initiatives of the United Nations culminated in the Nagoya protocol aim to protect traditional knowledge and regulate benefit-sharing with indigenous communities. The European community adopted the Nagoya protocol, and the corresponding regulations will be implemented into national legislation among the member states. Despite pleasing progress, infrastructural problems of the health care systems in developing countries still remain. Current approaches to secure primary health care offer only fragmentary solutions at best. Conventional medicine from industrialized countries cannot be afforded by the impoverished population in the Third World. Confronted with exploding costs, even health systems in Western countries are endangered to burst. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular among the general public in industrialized countries, although the efficacy is not sufficiently proven according to the standards of evidence-based medicine. CAM is often available without prescription as over-the-counter products with non-calculated risks concerning erroneous self-medication and safety/toxicity issues. The concept of integrative medicine attempts to combine holistic CAM approaches with evidence-based principles of conventional medicine.ConclusionTo realize the concept of One-World Medicine, a number of standards have to be set to assure safety, efficacy and applicability of traditional medicine, e.g. sustainable production and quality control of herbal products, performance of placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trials, phytovigilance, as well as education of health professionals and patients.

U2 - 10.1016/j.phymed.2018.06.007

DO - 10.1016/j.phymed.2018.06.007

M3 - Article

JO - Phytomedicine

T2 - Phytomedicine

JF - Phytomedicine

SN - 0944-7113

ER -

Efferth T, Banerjee M, Abu-Darwish MS, Abdelfatah S, Bockers M, Bhakta-Guha D et al. Biopiracy versus one-world medicine – from colonial relicts to global collaborative concepts. Phytomedicine. 2018 Jun 11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2018.06.007