Body odor quality predicts behavioral attractiveness in humans

S. Craig Roberts, Alexandra Kralevich, Camille Ferdenzi, Tamsin K. Saxton, Benedict C. Jones, Lisa M. DeBruine, Anthony C. Little, Jan Havlicek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Growing effort is being made to understand how different attractive physical traits co-vary within individuals, partly because this might indicate an underlying index of genetic quality. In humans, attention has focused on potential markers of quality such as facial attractiveness, axillary odor quality, the second-to-fourth digit (2D:4D) ratio and body mass index (BMI). Here we extend this approach to include visually-assessed kinesic cues (nonverbal behavior linked to movement) which are statistically independent of structural physical traits. The utility of such kinesic cues in mate assessment is controversial, particularly during everyday conversational contexts, as they could be unreliable and susceptible to deception. However, we show here that the attractiveness of nonverbal behavior, in 20 male participants, is predicted by perceived quality of their axillary body odor. This finding indicates covariation between two desirable traits in different sensory modalities. Depending on two different rating contexts (either a simple attractiveness rating or a rating for long-term partners by 10 female raters not using hormonal contraception), we also found significant relationships between perceived attractiveness of nonverbal behavior and BMI, and between axillary odor ratings and 2D:4D ratio. Axillary odor pleasantness was the single attribute that consistently predicted attractiveness of nonverbal behavior. Our results demonstrate that nonverbal kinesic cues could reliably reveal mate quality, at least in males, and could corroborate and contribute to mate assessment based on other physical traits.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1111–1117
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Sexual Behavior
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

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Attractiveness
Odors
Kinesics
Cues
Nonverbal behavior
Rating
Physical
Mate
Body Mass Index
Deception
Contraception
Sensory modality
Pleasantness

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Roberts, S. C., Kralevich, A., Ferdenzi, C., Saxton, T. K., Jones, B. C., DeBruine, L. M., ... Havlicek, J. (2011). Body odor quality predicts behavioral attractiveness in humans. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40(6), 1111–1117. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-011-9803-8

Roberts, S. Craig; Kralevich, Alexandra; Ferdenzi, Camille; Saxton, Tamsin K.; Jones, Benedict C.; DeBruine, Lisa M.; Little, Anthony C.; Havlicek, Jan / Body odor quality predicts behavioral attractiveness in humans.

In: Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 40, No. 6, 12.2011, p. 1111–1117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Growing effort is being made to understand how different attractive physical traits co-vary within individuals, partly because this might indicate an underlying index of genetic quality. In humans, attention has focused on potential markers of quality such as facial attractiveness, axillary odor quality, the second-to-fourth digit (2D:4D) ratio and body mass index (BMI). Here we extend this approach to include visually-assessed kinesic cues (nonverbal behavior linked to movement) which are statistically independent of structural physical traits. The utility of such kinesic cues in mate assessment is controversial, particularly during everyday conversational contexts, as they could be unreliable and susceptible to deception. However, we show here that the attractiveness of nonverbal behavior, in 20 male participants, is predicted by perceived quality of their axillary body odor. This finding indicates covariation between two desirable traits in different sensory modalities. Depending on two different rating contexts (either a simple attractiveness rating or a rating for long-term partners by 10 female raters not using hormonal contraception), we also found significant relationships between perceived attractiveness of nonverbal behavior and BMI, and between axillary odor ratings and 2D:4D ratio. Axillary odor pleasantness was the single attribute that consistently predicted attractiveness of nonverbal behavior. Our results demonstrate that nonverbal kinesic cues could reliably reveal mate quality, at least in males, and could corroborate and contribute to mate assessment based on other physical traits.",
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Roberts, SC, Kralevich, A, Ferdenzi, C, Saxton, TK, Jones, BC, DeBruine, LM, Little, AC & Havlicek, J 2011, 'Body odor quality predicts behavioral attractiveness in humans' Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol 40, no. 6, pp. 1111–1117. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-011-9803-8

Body odor quality predicts behavioral attractiveness in humans. / Roberts, S. Craig; Kralevich, Alexandra; Ferdenzi, Camille; Saxton, Tamsin K.; Jones, Benedict C.; DeBruine, Lisa M.; Little, Anthony C.; Havlicek, Jan.

In: Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 40, No. 6, 12.2011, p. 1111–1117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Roberts,S. Craig

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AU - Ferdenzi,Camille

AU - Saxton,Tamsin K.

AU - Jones,Benedict C.

AU - DeBruine,Lisa M.

AU - Little,Anthony C.

AU - Havlicek,Jan

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Roberts SC, Kralevich A, Ferdenzi C, Saxton TK, Jones BC, DeBruine LM et al. Body odor quality predicts behavioral attractiveness in humans. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 2011 Dec;40(6):1111–1117. Available from, DOI: 10.1007/s10508-011-9803-8