Breaking the glass ceiling in Nigeria: a review of women's entrepreneurship

Nnamdi O. Madichie*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


The relevance of the age-long conundrum known as the glass ceiling has become ever more questionable for a number of compelling reasons. First, its root in the invisible barriers (push factors) facing women's career progression prospects in the corporate world is ever-changing at a rapid pace across every region of the globe. Second, research shows some evidence of a major dramatic increase in women-owned businesses as being attributable to women's desire to gain more flexibility in their work arrangements (pull factors). By providing a catalogue of pull factors in the context of African (especially Nigerian) women entrepreneurs, this paper argues that the glass ceiling problem may have well been shattered in numerous spheres, and thus become less tenable as a gender-specific reality in the twenty-first century.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-66
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of African Business
Issue number1
Early online date5 Mar 2009
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Glass ceiling
  • Nigeria
  • Push factors
  • Pull factors
  • Women entrepreneurship


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