Sport is a context characterized by high competitive pressure which can lead to burnout and dropout. Burnout is a multidimensional concept characterized by increased emotional and physical exhaustion, a sense of depersonalization and a reduced performance accomplishment. Self-determination theory considers that reasons for participation in sport fall in a continuum of varying levels of autonomy;hence, the purpose of this study is to compare current and former rowers(dropouts) in levels of self-determination, and predict burnout.
One hundred competitive rowers (50current, and 50 dropouts, mean age = 20, SD = 2; 50) completed the Sport Motivation Scale, and the Athletic Burnout Inventory.
A discriminant analysis was conducted to compare current athletes from droputs based on the self-determination motivation variables. The function generated was significant, L= .412, c2(7, N = 100) = 83.83, p < 001, indicating that its predictors significantly differentiated between current rowers and dropouts, canonical R2 =.59. The correlation between variables and the discriminant function revealed that a motivation (r = .89), intrinsic motivation to experience stimulation (r =-.47), intrinsic motivation to accomplish (r = -.44), and external regulation(r = .33) were the variables that loaded more highly on the function. Original classification results revealed that 83% of the respondents were correctly classified.
Burnout was predicted by a motivation (β = .67, p < .001),external regulation (β = .22, p < .001), and intrinsic motivation to experience stimulation (β = -.18, p < .05), R2 = .705. The dimensions of burnout were independently predicted: Reduced accomplishment was significantly predicted by a motivation (β = .49, p < .001), and intrinsic motivation to experience stimulation (β = -.21, p < .05), R2 = .384; Physical/emotional exhaustion was significantly predicted by a motivation (β = .33, p < .01), external regulation (β = .25, p < .05), R2 = .371; Devaluation was significantly predicted by a motivation (β = .54, p < .001), external regulation (β = .22, p < .001), intrinsic motivation to experience stimulation (β = -.30, p < .05), external regulation (β = .16, p < .01)and introjected regulation (β = .14, p < .05), R2 = .718.
Different self-determination motivation variables predicted more strongly burnout in dropouts than in current athletes. Empowering athletes to experience control over their sport experience, and promoting enjoyment is likely to lead to increased sense of self-determination and prevent dropout among rowers.
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
|Event||13th World Congress of the International Society of Sport Psychology - Beijing, China|
Duration: 21 Jul 2013 → 26 Jul 2013
|Conference||13th World Congress of the International Society of Sport Psychology|
|Period||21/07/13 → 26/07/13|
- Drop out
- Autonomy beliefs