Burnout in sport: a systematic review

Kate Goodger*, Trish Gorely, David Lavallee, Chris Harwood

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

214 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the present review was to provide an up-to-date summary of the burnout-in-sport literature. The last published reviews were in 1989 (Fender) and 1990 (Dale & Weinberg). In order to appreciate the status of current knowledge and understanding and to identify potential future directions, the authors conducted a synthesis of published work using a systematic-review methodology. Findings comprised 3 sections: sample characteristics, correlates, and research designs and data collection. A total of 58 published studies were assessed, most of which focused on athletes (n = 27) and coaches (n = 23). Correlates were grouped into psychological, demographic, and situational factors and were summarized as positively, negatively, indeterminate, and nonassociated with burnout. Self-report measures and cross-sectional designs have dominated research. The authors conclude by summarizing the key findings in the literature and highlighting the gaps that could be filled by future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-151
Number of pages25
JournalSport Psychologist
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2007

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