Can written disclosure reduce psychological distress and increase objectively measured injury mobility of student-athletes? A randomized controlled trial

Elaine Duncan, Yori Gidron, David Lavallee

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Abstract

Injured students-athletes took part in a randomized controlled trial to test whether written disclosure could reduce psychological distress and improve injury mobility. Writing took place alongside prescribed physical rehabilitation and consisted of three 20- minute writing sessions, once a week for three consecutive weeks. Participants in the experimental injury-writing group (푛 = 25) followed a structured form of written disclosure, called the guided disclosure protocol (GDP). They firstly, wrote about the onset of their injury in a chronological manner, secondly, they explicitly labelled their emotions and described the impact of the injury, finally they wrote about future coping and psychological growth. Controls(푛 = 21)wrote about nonemotional and noninjury related topics. In addition to self-report measures, a physiotherapist, blind to experimental condition, assessed mobility at the injury site. Although self-report indices remained unchanged, the GDP group evidenced a significant improvement in injury mobility compared to controls.
Original languageEnglish
Article number784249
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Scholarly Research Notices
Volume2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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