Carotenoids and antioxidant enzymes as biomarkers of the impact of heavy metals in food chain

Vangelis Andrianos, Vasiliki Stoikou, Konstantina Tsikrika, Dimitra Lamprou, Sotiris Stasinos, Charalampos Proestos, Ioannis Zabetakis

Research output: Contribution to journalSpecial issue

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Antioxidant enzymes (catalase and peroxidase) and carotenoids (lutein and â-carotene) are often used as biomarkers of metal contamination of water and agricultural soils. In this study, the effects of heavy metals present in irrigation water on the aforementioned carotenoids of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) and carrots (Daucus carota L.), cultivated in a greenhouse and irrigated with a water solution including different levels of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) were investigated. These results were compared to the levels of the same metabolites that had been assessed in market-available potato and carrot samples. The findings indicated that the levels of the examined metabolites on the treated with Cr and Ni samples, resemble the levels of the same parameters in the market samples, originating from polluted areas. Therefore, the antioxidant enzymes, catalase and peroxidase, and the carotenoids, lutein and â-carotene, could be handled as indicators of heavy metal pollution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-24
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Research in Nutrition and Food Science
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2016

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Daucus carota
Food Chain
Carotenoids
Solanum tuberosum
Heavy Metals
food chain
Lutein
biomarkers
carotenoids
heavy metals
Antioxidants
Biomarkers
carotenes
lutein
antioxidants
carrots
Catalase
Peroxidase
Water
catalase

Cite this

Andrianos, Vangelis ; Stoikou, Vasiliki ; Tsikrika, Konstantina ; Lamprou, Dimitra ; Stasinos, Sotiris ; Proestos, Charalampos ; Zabetakis, Ioannis. / Carotenoids and antioxidant enzymes as biomarkers of the impact of heavy metals in food chain. In: Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science. 2016 ; Vol. 4. pp. 15-24.
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abstract = "Antioxidant enzymes (catalase and peroxidase) and carotenoids (lutein and {\^a}-carotene) are often used as biomarkers of metal contamination of water and agricultural soils. In this study, the effects of heavy metals present in irrigation water on the aforementioned carotenoids of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) and carrots (Daucus carota L.), cultivated in a greenhouse and irrigated with a water solution including different levels of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) were investigated. These results were compared to the levels of the same metabolites that had been assessed in market-available potato and carrot samples. The findings indicated that the levels of the examined metabolites on the treated with Cr and Ni samples, resemble the levels of the same parameters in the market samples, originating from polluted areas. Therefore, the antioxidant enzymes, catalase and peroxidase, and the carotenoids, lutein and {\^a}-carotene, could be handled as indicators of heavy metal pollution.",
author = "Vangelis Andrianos and Vasiliki Stoikou and Konstantina Tsikrika and Dimitra Lamprou and Sotiris Stasinos and Charalampos Proestos and Ioannis Zabetakis",
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Carotenoids and antioxidant enzymes as biomarkers of the impact of heavy metals in food chain. / Andrianos, Vangelis; Stoikou, Vasiliki; Tsikrika, Konstantina; Lamprou, Dimitra; Stasinos, Sotiris; Proestos, Charalampos; Zabetakis, Ioannis.

In: Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science, Vol. 4, 25.03.2016, p. 15-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalSpecial issue

TY - JOUR

T1 - Carotenoids and antioxidant enzymes as biomarkers of the impact of heavy metals in food chain

AU - Andrianos, Vangelis

AU - Stoikou, Vasiliki

AU - Tsikrika, Konstantina

AU - Lamprou, Dimitra

AU - Stasinos, Sotiris

AU - Proestos, Charalampos

AU - Zabetakis, Ioannis

PY - 2016/3/25

Y1 - 2016/3/25

N2 - Antioxidant enzymes (catalase and peroxidase) and carotenoids (lutein and â-carotene) are often used as biomarkers of metal contamination of water and agricultural soils. In this study, the effects of heavy metals present in irrigation water on the aforementioned carotenoids of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) and carrots (Daucus carota L.), cultivated in a greenhouse and irrigated with a water solution including different levels of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) were investigated. These results were compared to the levels of the same metabolites that had been assessed in market-available potato and carrot samples. The findings indicated that the levels of the examined metabolites on the treated with Cr and Ni samples, resemble the levels of the same parameters in the market samples, originating from polluted areas. Therefore, the antioxidant enzymes, catalase and peroxidase, and the carotenoids, lutein and â-carotene, could be handled as indicators of heavy metal pollution.

AB - Antioxidant enzymes (catalase and peroxidase) and carotenoids (lutein and â-carotene) are often used as biomarkers of metal contamination of water and agricultural soils. In this study, the effects of heavy metals present in irrigation water on the aforementioned carotenoids of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) and carrots (Daucus carota L.), cultivated in a greenhouse and irrigated with a water solution including different levels of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) were investigated. These results were compared to the levels of the same metabolites that had been assessed in market-available potato and carrot samples. The findings indicated that the levels of the examined metabolites on the treated with Cr and Ni samples, resemble the levels of the same parameters in the market samples, originating from polluted areas. Therefore, the antioxidant enzymes, catalase and peroxidase, and the carotenoids, lutein and â-carotene, could be handled as indicators of heavy metal pollution.

U2 - 10.12944/CRNFSJ.4.Special-Issue1.02

DO - 10.12944/CRNFSJ.4.Special-Issue1.02

M3 - Special issue

VL - 4

SP - 15

EP - 24

JO - Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science

JF - Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science

SN - 2347-467X

ER -