Correlates of dispositional and state flow in tennis competition

Stefan Koehn, Tony Morris, Anthony P. Watt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychological correlates and flow in tennis competition. Using a cross-sectional design, the sample of 261 junior tennis athletes showed moderate-to-strong correlations between flow (dispositional and state) and confidence (r disp = .59; r state = .35), imagery use (r disp = .58; r state = .32), and action control (r disp = .41; r state = .40), whereas absorption was orthogonal to flow. Commonality analysis revealed that imagery and confidence accounted for 34.2% of the variance in dispositional flow. The results are discussed for the development of intervention studies in order to enhance flow in competition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-369
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Issue number3
Early online date15 Oct 2012
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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