Cross-cultural variation in women's preferences for cues to sex- and stress-hormones in the male face

Fhionna R. Moore, V. Coetzee, J. Contreras-Garduño, Lisa M. DeBruine, K. Kleisner, I. Krams, U. Marcinkowska, A. Nord, David I. Perrett, M. J. Rantala, N. Schaum, T. N. Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Women in the UK prefer the faces of men with low levels of the stress hormone cortisol, and the relationship is moderated by the sex hormone testosterone. In a Latvian sample, however, women's preferences were not affected by cortisol, and the interaction with testosterone differed from that of the UK. To further explore cross-cultural variation in preferences for facial cues to sex- and stress-hormones, we tested the preferences of women from 13 countries for facial composites constructed to differ in combinations of the hormones. We found significant relationships between a measure of societal development (the United Nations human development index 2011) and preferences for cues to testosterone in the face, and the interaction between preferences for cues to testosterone and cortisol. We also found a significant relationship between preferences for cues to testosterone and a societal-level measure of parasite stress. We conclude that societal-level ecological factors influence the relative value of traits revealed by combinations of sex- and stress-hormones.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages4
JournalBiology Letters
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2013

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Gonadal Steroid Hormones
testosterone
Cues
Testosterone
hormones
gender
cortisol
Hydrocortisone
Hormones
United Nations
human development
sex hormones
Human Development
Parasites
parasites
sampling

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Moore, F. R., Coetzee, V., Contreras-Garduño, J., DeBruine, L. M., Kleisner, K., Krams, I., ... Suzuki, T. N. (2013). Cross-cultural variation in women's preferences for cues to sex- and stress-hormones in the male face. Biology Letters, 9(3). https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2013.0050
Moore, Fhionna R. ; Coetzee, V. ; Contreras-Garduño, J. ; DeBruine, Lisa M. ; Kleisner, K. ; Krams, I. ; Marcinkowska, U. ; Nord, A. ; Perrett, David I. ; Rantala, M. J. ; Schaum, N. ; Suzuki, T. N. / Cross-cultural variation in women's preferences for cues to sex- and stress-hormones in the male face. In: Biology Letters. 2013 ; Vol. 9, No. 3.
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Moore, FR, Coetzee, V, Contreras-Garduño, J, DeBruine, LM, Kleisner, K, Krams, I, Marcinkowska, U, Nord, A, Perrett, DI, Rantala, MJ, Schaum, N & Suzuki, TN 2013, 'Cross-cultural variation in women's preferences for cues to sex- and stress-hormones in the male face', Biology Letters, vol. 9, no. 3. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2013.0050

Cross-cultural variation in women's preferences for cues to sex- and stress-hormones in the male face. / Moore, Fhionna R.; Coetzee, V.; Contreras-Garduño, J.; DeBruine, Lisa M.; Kleisner, K.; Krams, I.; Marcinkowska, U.; Nord, A.; Perrett, David I.; Rantala, M. J.; Schaum, N.; Suzuki, T. N.

In: Biology Letters, Vol. 9, No. 3, 23.06.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Moore, Fhionna R.

AU - Coetzee, V.

AU - Contreras-Garduño, J.

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AU - Kleisner, K.

AU - Krams, I.

AU - Marcinkowska, U.

AU - Nord, A.

AU - Perrett, David I.

AU - Rantala, M. J.

AU - Schaum, N.

AU - Suzuki, T. N.

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AB - Women in the UK prefer the faces of men with low levels of the stress hormone cortisol, and the relationship is moderated by the sex hormone testosterone. In a Latvian sample, however, women's preferences were not affected by cortisol, and the interaction with testosterone differed from that of the UK. To further explore cross-cultural variation in preferences for facial cues to sex- and stress-hormones, we tested the preferences of women from 13 countries for facial composites constructed to differ in combinations of the hormones. We found significant relationships between a measure of societal development (the United Nations human development index 2011) and preferences for cues to testosterone in the face, and the interaction between preferences for cues to testosterone and cortisol. We also found a significant relationship between preferences for cues to testosterone and a societal-level measure of parasite stress. We conclude that societal-level ecological factors influence the relative value of traits revealed by combinations of sex- and stress-hormones.

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Moore FR, Coetzee V, Contreras-Garduño J, DeBruine LM, Kleisner K, Krams I et al. Cross-cultural variation in women's preferences for cues to sex- and stress-hormones in the male face. Biology Letters. 2013 Jun 23;9(3). https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2013.0050