Cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of chalcone derivatives of 2-acetyl thiophene on human colon adenocarcinoma cells

Alana de Vasconcelos, Vinicius Farias Campos, Fernanda Nedel, Fabiana Kömmling Seixas, Odir A. Dellagostin, Kevin R. Smith, Cláudio Martin Pereira de Pereira, Francieli Moro Stefanello, Tiago Collares, Alethéa Gatto Barschak

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies report that chalcones exhibit cytotoxicity to human cancer cell lines. Typically, the form of cell death induced by these compounds is apoptosis. In the context of the discovery of new anticancer agents and in light of the antitumour potential of several chalcone derivatives, in the present study, we synthesized and tested the cytotoxicity of six chalcone derivatives on human colon adenocarcinoma cells. Six derivatives of 3-phenyl-1-(thiophen-2-yl) prop-2-en-1-one were prepared and characterized on the basis of their 1H and 13C NMR spectra. HT-29 cells were treated with synthesized chalcones on two concentrations by three different incubation times. Cells were evaluated by cell morphology, Tetrazolium dye (MTT) colorimetric assay, live/dead, flow cytometry (annexin V) and gene expression analyses to determine the cytotoxic way. Chalcones 3-(4-bromophenyl)-1-(thiophen-2-yl)prop-2-en-1-one (C06) and 3-(2-nitrophenyl)-1-(thiophen-2-yl)prop-2-en-1-one (C09) demonstrated higher cytotoxicity than other chalcones as shown by cell morphology, live/dead and MTT assays. In addition, C06 induced apoptosis on flow cytometry annexin V assay. These data were confirmed by a decreased expression of anti-apoptotic genes and increased pro-apoptotic genes. Our findings indicate in summary that the cytotoxic activity of chalcone C06 on colorectal carcinoma cells occurs by apoptosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-297
Number of pages9
JournalCell Biochemistry and Function
Volume31
Issue number4
Early online date18 Sep 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

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    de Vasconcelos, A., Campos, V. F., Nedel, F., Seixas, F. K., Dellagostin, O. A., Smith, K. R., de Pereira, C. M. P., Stefanello, F. M., Collares, T., & Barschak, A. G. (2013). Cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of chalcone derivatives of 2-acetyl thiophene on human colon adenocarcinoma cells. Cell Biochemistry and Function, 31(4), 289-297. https://doi.org/10.1002/cbf.2897