Design and implementation of hybrid vehicle using control of DC electric motor

Muhammad Majid Hussain, Al Rashid Mustafa, Muhammad Akmal Chaudary, Abdul Razaq

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Abstract

The electric motors and its control technology are key components of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Control of the electric motor is a fundamental issue for traction application in electric vehicles and HEVs. This paper presents the design, development and implementation of a hybrid vehicle using both an electric motor and petrol engine to increase efficiency and decrease carbon footprint. Initially, a prototype of a HEV is designed and the performance values are calculated, before a control system is developed and implemented to control the DC motor speed using a microcontroller as the vehicle’s electronic control unit along with simple proportional integral derivative (PID) control using speed as a feedback mechanism. The prototype made incorporated voltage, current, speed and torque sensors for feedback resulting in a closed loop control system which successfully matched the speed input of a user-controlled pedal sensor. A user interface was developed to show the driver of the vehicle key variables such as the revolutions per minute (RPM) of the motor, the speed of the vehicle along with the current being drawn, and the voltage applied to the motor with overall power. To output a variable voltage from the Arduino, a digital output was used with pulse width modulation (PWM) capabilities in order to provide a variable DC voltage to the speed controller.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 54th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC) Proceedings
PublisherIEEE
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728133492, 9781728133485
ISBN (Print)9781728133508
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2019
Event54th International Universities Power Engineering Conference - University “Politehnica” of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
Duration: 3 Sep 20196 Sep 2019
Conference number: 54th
http://upec2019.com/

Conference

Conference54th International Universities Power Engineering Conference
Abbreviated titleUPEC2019
CountryRomania
CityBucharest
Period3/09/196/09/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

DC motors
Hybrid vehicles
Electric motors
Electric potential
Feedback
Carbon footprint
Closed loop control systems
Traction (friction)
Sensors
Speed control
Microcontrollers
Electric vehicles
Pulse width modulation
User interfaces
Torque
Engines
Derivatives
Control systems
Controllers

Cite this

Hussain, M. M., Mustafa, A. R., Chaudary, M. A., & Razaq, A. (2019). Design and implementation of hybrid vehicle using control of DC electric motor. In 2019 54th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC) Proceedings IEEE . https://doi.org/10.1109/UPEC.2019.8893604
Hussain, Muhammad Majid ; Mustafa, Al Rashid ; Chaudary, Muhammad Akmal ; Razaq, Abdul. / Design and implementation of hybrid vehicle using control of DC electric motor. 2019 54th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC) Proceedings. IEEE , 2019.
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Hussain, MM, Mustafa, AR, Chaudary, MA & Razaq, A 2019, Design and implementation of hybrid vehicle using control of DC electric motor. in 2019 54th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC) Proceedings. IEEE , 54th International Universities Power Engineering Conference, Bucharest, Romania, 3/09/19. https://doi.org/10.1109/UPEC.2019.8893604

Design and implementation of hybrid vehicle using control of DC electric motor. / Hussain, Muhammad Majid; Mustafa, Al Rashid; Chaudary, Muhammad Akmal; Razaq, Abdul.

2019 54th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC) Proceedings. IEEE , 2019.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - The electric motors and its control technology are key components of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Control of the electric motor is a fundamental issue for traction application in electric vehicles and HEVs. This paper presents the design, development and implementation of a hybrid vehicle using both an electric motor and petrol engine to increase efficiency and decrease carbon footprint. Initially, a prototype of a HEV is designed and the performance values are calculated, before a control system is developed and implemented to control the DC motor speed using a microcontroller as the vehicle’s electronic control unit along with simple proportional integral derivative (PID) control using speed as a feedback mechanism. The prototype made incorporated voltage, current, speed and torque sensors for feedback resulting in a closed loop control system which successfully matched the speed input of a user-controlled pedal sensor. A user interface was developed to show the driver of the vehicle key variables such as the revolutions per minute (RPM) of the motor, the speed of the vehicle along with the current being drawn, and the voltage applied to the motor with overall power. To output a variable voltage from the Arduino, a digital output was used with pulse width modulation (PWM) capabilities in order to provide a variable DC voltage to the speed controller.

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Hussain MM, Mustafa AR, Chaudary MA, Razaq A. Design and implementation of hybrid vehicle using control of DC electric motor. In 2019 54th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC) Proceedings. IEEE . 2019 https://doi.org/10.1109/UPEC.2019.8893604