Development and psychometric evaluation of the sport psychology attitudes - revised form: a multiple group investigation

Scott B. Martin*, Michael Kellmann, David Lavallee, Stephen J. Page

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to develop a revised form of the Attitudes Toward Seeking Sport Psychology Consultation Questionnaire (ATSSPCQ; Martin, Wrisberg, Beitel, & Lounsbury, 1997). The 50-item ATSSPCQ was administered to 533 athletes (M = 18.03 ± 2.71). Exploratory alpha factor analysis with varimax rotation produced four factors: (a) stigma tolerance, (b) confidence in sport psychology consultation, (c) personal openness, and (d) cultural preference. The new questionnaire, the Sport Psychology Attitudes - Revised form (SPA-R), was then administered to 379 United States, 234 United Kingdom, and 443 German athletes (M = 20.37 ± 5.13). Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated the factorial validity of the four-factor model for the SPA-R for male and female athletes, late adolescent and adult athletes, and athletes from different countries. Psychometric characteristics of the SPA-R are described and implication related to sport psychology consultation and reseach are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-290
Number of pages19
JournalSport Psychologist
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes

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