Do older Gaelic-English bilinguals show an advantage in inhibitory control?

Neil W. Kirk, Kenneth C. Scott-Brown, Vera Kempe

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    6 Citations (Scopus)


    We examined whether a bilingual advantage can be found in older bilinguals that share the same cultural background with monolinguals. Sixteen Gaelic-English bilinguals over the age of 60 years were compared with three monolingual control groups in performance on the Simon task, as well as in general intelligence and socio-economic status. Some of the monolinguals were bidialectal allowing us to also test whether switching between dialects can incur similar cognitive benefits as bilingualism. Results showed no group differences in overall reaction times as well as in the Simon effect suggesting that individuals that share a cultural background may not exhibit differences in inhibitory control even if they routinely use another dialect or another language. This opens up the possibility that other factors associated with bilingualism, like immigrant status, may be responsible for the bilingual advantage found in some but not in other studies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2013)
    Subtitle of host publicationcooperative minds: social ineraction and group dynamics
    EditorsMarkus Knauff , Michael Pauen, Natalie Sebanz, Ipke Wachsmuth
    Place of PublicationAustin, TX
    PublisherCognitive Science Society
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Print)9781629930817
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013
    Event35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society: Cooperative minds: social interaction and group dynamics - Berlin, Germany
    Duration: 31 Jul 20133 Aug 2013
    Conference number: 35th


    Conference35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    Abbreviated titleCogSci 2013
    Internet address


    • Bilingualism
    • Bildialectism
    • Inhibitory control
    • Simon test


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