Does a peer model’s task proficiency influence children’s solution choice and innovation?

Lara A. Wood, Rachel L. Kendal, Emma G. Flynn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study investigated whether 4- to 6-year-old children’s task solution choice was influenced by the past proficiency of familiar peer models and the children’s personal prior task experience. Peer past proficiency was established through behavioral assessments of interactions with novel tasks alongside peer and teacher predictions of each child’s proficiency. Based on these assessments, one peer model with high past proficiency and one age-, sex-, dominance-, and popularity-matched peer model with lower past proficiency were trained to remove a capsule using alternative solutions from a three-solution artificial fruit task. Video demonstrations of the models were shown to children after they had either a personal successful interaction or no interaction with the task. In general, there was not a strong bias toward the high past-proficiency model, perhaps due to a motivation to acquire multiple methods and the salience of other transmission biases. However, there was some evidence of a model-based past-proficiency bias; when the high past-proficiency peer matched the participants’ original solution, there was increased use of that solution, whereas if the high past-proficiency peer demonstrated an alternative solution, there was increased use of the alternative social solution and novel solutions. Thus, model proficiency influenced innovation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-202
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Volume139
Early online date2 Jul 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes

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title = "Does a peer model’s task proficiency influence children’s solution choice and innovation?",
abstract = "The current study investigated whether 4- to 6-year-old children’s task solution choice was influenced by the past proficiency of familiar peer models and the children’s personal prior task experience. Peer past proficiency was established through behavioral assessments of interactions with novel tasks alongside peer and teacher predictions of each child’s proficiency. Based on these assessments, one peer model with high past proficiency and one age-, sex-, dominance-, and popularity-matched peer model with lower past proficiency were trained to remove a capsule using alternative solutions from a three-solution artificial fruit task. Video demonstrations of the models were shown to children after they had either a personal successful interaction or no interaction with the task. In general, there was not a strong bias toward the high past-proficiency model, perhaps due to a motivation to acquire multiple methods and the salience of other transmission biases. However, there was some evidence of a model-based past-proficiency bias; when the high past-proficiency peer matched the participants’ original solution, there was increased use of that solution, whereas if the high past-proficiency peer demonstrated an alternative solution, there was increased use of the alternative social solution and novel solutions. Thus, model proficiency influenced innovation.",
author = "Wood, {Lara A.} and Kendal, {Rachel L.} and Flynn, {Emma G.}",
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Does a peer model’s task proficiency influence children’s solution choice and innovation? / Wood, Lara A.; Kendal, Rachel L.; Flynn, Emma G.

In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Vol. 139, 11.2015, p. 190-202.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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