Effect of vacuum-drying, hot air-drying and freeze-drying on polyphenols and antioxidant capacity of lemon (Citrus limon) pomace aqueous extracts

Konstantinos Papoutsis, Penta Pristijono, John B. Golding, Costas E. Stathopoulos, Michael C. Bowyer, Christopher J. Scarlett, Quan V. Vuong

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    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of freeze-drying, hot air-drying and vacuum-drying at 70, 90 and 110 °C, on dried lemon pomace polyphenols and antioxidant capacity. The total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity were higher in lemon pomace dried by hot air or under vacuum than those dried by freeze-drying and increased as the temperature increased. The highest total flavonoid content was recorded in the pomace dried under vacuum at 70 and 90 °C. Lemon pomace dried by freeze-drying had the highest neohesperidin content, whereas pomace dried under vacuum at 70 °C had the highest rutin and p-coumaric acid content. The highest gallic acid content was recorded in the pomace dried by hot air at 110 °C. The results of this study indicate that drying technique should be carefully selected according to the bioactive compounds aimed to be extracted.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to) 880–887
    Number of pages8
    JournalInternational Journal of Food Science and Technology
    Issue number4
    Early online date10 Jan 2017
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2017


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