Effective student motivation commences with resolving 'dissatisfiers'

Ann Prescott, Edward Simpson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    21 Citations (Scopus)
    309 Downloads (Pure)


    The evolution in students' expectations based on Maslow's theory of human motivation shows a transition from expectations having an effect upon motivation towards those providing a satisfactory experience. Maslow's argument was that once the lower level needs, such as physiological and safety needs, are met other higher needs emerge. In the context of student motivation, once environmental conditions are satisfied, the individual becomes dominated by the unsatisfied needs and other hygiene factors related to their studies dominate their experience and expectations. However, the environmental conditions must be satisfied before progress to other levels will succeed. Failure to address these basic issues at the commencement of a student's course of study can lead to absence and the subsequent lack of academic integration is a significant contributor to withdrawal.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)247-259
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Further and Higher Education
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2004


    • Motivation
    • Hygiene factors
    • Absence
    • Withdrawal
    • Retention


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