Effects of confidence and anxiety on flow state in competition

Stefan Koehn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Confidence and anxiety are important variables that underlie the experience of flow in sport. Specifically, research has indicated that confidence displays a positive relationship and anxiety a negative relationship with flow. The aim of this study was to assess potential direct and indirect effects of confidence and anxiety dimensions on flow state in tennis competition. A sample of 59 junior tennis players completed measures of Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2d and Flow State Scale-2. Following predictive analysis, results showed significant positive correlations between confidence (intensity and direction) and anxiety symptoms (only directional perceptions) with flow state. Standard multiple regression analysis indicated confidence as the only significant predictor of flow. The results confirmed a protective function of confidence against debilitating anxiety interpretations, but there were no significant interaction effects between confidence and anxiety on flow state.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-550
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Sport Science
Issue number5
Early online date23 Nov 2012
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Positive experience
  • Multidimensional anxiety
  • Flow state
  • Competition
  • Tennis


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of confidence and anxiety on flow state in competition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this