Empathic accuracy, shared cognitive focus, and the assumptions of similarity made by coaches and athletes

Ross Lorimer, Sophia Jowett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous research has shown that a shared cognitive focus between coaches and athletes increases their empathic accuracy; their ability to accurately infer what each other are thinking and feeling. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree to which this association is mediated by an assumption of similarity; the awareness that a shared cognitive focus exists. 78 coach-athlete dyads viewed video footage that displayed discrete interactions that had naturally occurred during their own training sessions. They then reported what they remembered thinking and feeling while making inferences about what their partners’ thought and felt at each point. Empathic accuracy, shared cognitive focus, and assumed similarity were calculated by comparing the similarity of participants’ self-reports and inferences in a variety of combinations. The results indicated a significant association between shared cognitive focus and empathic accuracy for both coaches and athletes. This relationship was significantly mediated by assumed similarity. This suggests that a shared cognitive focus increases empathic accuracy and that this association is at least in part due to coaches and athletes recognizing this similarity and basing their empathic inferences upon this knowledge. These issues are discussed in relation to limitations, theory, and practical application.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-54
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Psychology
Volume41
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Fingerprint

Athletes
Emotions
Thinking
Self Report

Cite this

Lorimer, Ross; Jowett, Sophia / Empathic accuracy, shared cognitive focus, and the assumptions of similarity made by coaches and athletes.

In: International Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol. 41, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 40-54.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{057f548fb02f432c827b0e4d090b10e9,
title = "Empathic accuracy, shared cognitive focus, and the assumptions of similarity made by coaches and athletes",
abstract = "Previous research has shown that a shared cognitive focus between coaches and athletes increases their empathic accuracy; their ability to accurately infer what each other are thinking and feeling. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree to which this association is mediated by an assumption of similarity; the awareness that a shared cognitive focus exists. 78 coach-athlete dyads viewed video footage that displayed discrete interactions that had naturally occurred during their own training sessions. They then reported what they remembered thinking and feeling while making inferences about what their partners’ thought and felt at each point. Empathic accuracy, shared cognitive focus, and assumed similarity were calculated by comparing the similarity of participants’ self-reports and inferences in a variety of combinations. The results indicated a significant association between shared cognitive focus and empathic accuracy for both coaches and athletes. This relationship was significantly mediated by assumed similarity. This suggests that a shared cognitive focus increases empathic accuracy and that this association is at least in part due to coaches and athletes recognizing this similarity and basing their empathic inferences upon this knowledge. These issues are discussed in relation to limitations, theory, and practical application.",
author = "Ross Lorimer and Sophia Jowett",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
volume = "41",
pages = "40--54",
journal = "International Journal of Sport Psychology",
issn = "0047-0767",
publisher = "Edizioni Luigi Pozzi S.r.l.",
number = "1",

}

Empathic accuracy, shared cognitive focus, and the assumptions of similarity made by coaches and athletes. / Lorimer, Ross; Jowett, Sophia.

In: International Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol. 41, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 40-54.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Empathic accuracy, shared cognitive focus, and the assumptions of similarity made by coaches and athletes

AU - Lorimer,Ross

AU - Jowett,Sophia

PY - 2011/1

Y1 - 2011/1

N2 - Previous research has shown that a shared cognitive focus between coaches and athletes increases their empathic accuracy; their ability to accurately infer what each other are thinking and feeling. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree to which this association is mediated by an assumption of similarity; the awareness that a shared cognitive focus exists. 78 coach-athlete dyads viewed video footage that displayed discrete interactions that had naturally occurred during their own training sessions. They then reported what they remembered thinking and feeling while making inferences about what their partners’ thought and felt at each point. Empathic accuracy, shared cognitive focus, and assumed similarity were calculated by comparing the similarity of participants’ self-reports and inferences in a variety of combinations. The results indicated a significant association between shared cognitive focus and empathic accuracy for both coaches and athletes. This relationship was significantly mediated by assumed similarity. This suggests that a shared cognitive focus increases empathic accuracy and that this association is at least in part due to coaches and athletes recognizing this similarity and basing their empathic inferences upon this knowledge. These issues are discussed in relation to limitations, theory, and practical application.

AB - Previous research has shown that a shared cognitive focus between coaches and athletes increases their empathic accuracy; their ability to accurately infer what each other are thinking and feeling. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree to which this association is mediated by an assumption of similarity; the awareness that a shared cognitive focus exists. 78 coach-athlete dyads viewed video footage that displayed discrete interactions that had naturally occurred during their own training sessions. They then reported what they remembered thinking and feeling while making inferences about what their partners’ thought and felt at each point. Empathic accuracy, shared cognitive focus, and assumed similarity were calculated by comparing the similarity of participants’ self-reports and inferences in a variety of combinations. The results indicated a significant association between shared cognitive focus and empathic accuracy for both coaches and athletes. This relationship was significantly mediated by assumed similarity. This suggests that a shared cognitive focus increases empathic accuracy and that this association is at least in part due to coaches and athletes recognizing this similarity and basing their empathic inferences upon this knowledge. These issues are discussed in relation to limitations, theory, and practical application.

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 40

EP - 54

JO - International Journal of Sport Psychology

T2 - International Journal of Sport Psychology

JF - International Journal of Sport Psychology

SN - 0047-0767

IS - 1

ER -