Employees’ behavioural intention to smartphone security: a gender-based, cross-national study

Nisreen Ameen, Ali Tarhini, Mahmood Hussain Shah, Nnamdi Madichie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite the benefits of bring your own device (BYOD) programmes, they are considered one of the top security risks companies are facing. Furthermore, there is a gap in the literature in understanding gender differences in employees' smartphone security behavioural intention. This research analyses gender differences in smartphone security behavioural intention among employees in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the United States (US). The research develops a new model, the behavioural model of cybersecurity (BMS), based on a combination of the protection motivation theory (PMT), the general deterrence theory (GDT) and Hofstede's cultural dimensions. A questionnaire was distributed to employees in both countries. A total of 1156 useable responses were analysed using partial least squares-structural equation modelling. The findings show that gender differences exist, but neither male nor female employees in either country are aware of the risks associated with their use of smartphones, despite their awareness of the existence of their company's BYOD security policies. The research provides theoretical and practical contributions by developing a new model combining the PMT, GDT and Hofstede's cultural dimensions and suggests gender differences in employees' smartphone security behavioural intention in a cross-national context. It has several practical implications for practitioners and policymakers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number106184
Number of pages14
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Volume104
Early online date1 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Nov 2019

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Smartphones
Personnel
Motivation
Research
United Arab Emirates
Computer Security
Equipment and Supplies
Least-Squares Analysis
Industry
Smartphone
Employees
Behavioral Intention
Gender Differences
Deterrence

Cite this

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abstract = "Despite the benefits of bring your own device (BYOD) programmes, they are considered one of the top security risks companies are facing. Furthermore, there is a gap in the literature in understanding gender differences in employees' smartphone security behavioural intention. This research analyses gender differences in smartphone security behavioural intention among employees in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the United States (US). The research develops a new model, the behavioural model of cybersecurity (BMS), based on a combination of the protection motivation theory (PMT), the general deterrence theory (GDT) and Hofstede's cultural dimensions. A questionnaire was distributed to employees in both countries. A total of 1156 useable responses were analysed using partial least squares-structural equation modelling. The findings show that gender differences exist, but neither male nor female employees in either country are aware of the risks associated with their use of smartphones, despite their awareness of the existence of their company's BYOD security policies. The research provides theoretical and practical contributions by developing a new model combining the PMT, GDT and Hofstede's cultural dimensions and suggests gender differences in employees' smartphone security behavioural intention in a cross-national context. It has several practical implications for practitioners and policymakers.",
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Employees’ behavioural intention to smartphone security : a gender-based, cross-national study. / Ameen, Nisreen; Tarhini, Ali; Shah, Mahmood Hussain; Madichie, Nnamdi.

In: Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 104, 106184, 01.03.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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