Evaluate the compressive strength of cement paste modified with high reactivity attapulgite and affected by curing temperature

Luma Abdul Ghani Zghair, Hind Hussein Hamad, Safaa A. Mohamad*, Rwayda Kh. S. Al-Hamd

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)
    5 Downloads (Pure)


    This study explores the influence of partial replacement of high reactivity Attapulgite (HRA) with cement by weight and evaluate the effect of curing temperatures on the compressive strength of modified cement paste (MCP). Recently, the Iraqi clay(Attapulgite) has been processed to pozzolanic material HRA, after extracting it from the quarry the clays crushed and grind to filler then specific the suitable calcinations temperature to make this clays as a pozolznic material. The possibility of replacing the Iraqi clays with cement can be reduce the cost and the impact of cement manufacturing on environment. In this study, three percentages of high reactivity Attapulgite used as a replacement 0, 10 and 20 % by weight of cement. The samples cured in four temperatures 20, 40, 60 and 80 °C. The samples with dimension 50x50x50 mm3 were casted and tested at ages 7, and 28 days. The test result shows that the compressive strength at early ages without HRA and cured at 20 °C were higher than samples with HRA. The maximum percentage of HRA as a replacement with cement has a reduced the compressive strength of the concrete. The result at 28 days for the samples with 10% of HRA at curing temperature 40 °C shows increased in compressive strength up to 60 °C, while when the samples were cured at curing temperature 80 °C shows decreased the compressive strength.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)361-366
    Number of pages6
    JournalMaterials Today: Proceedings
    Issue number3
    Early online date20 Sep 2021
    Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2022


    • Cement paste
    • High reactivity Attapulgite
    • Curing temperature
    • Compressive strength
    • Pozzolanic material


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