Evidence for social learning in the self-presentation of alcohol problems

J. B. Davies, Fiona McConnochie, A. Ross, D. Heim, B. Wallace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Aims: To examine the extent to which problem alcohol users' self reports of drinking pattern and symptomatology derive primarily from a functional, learned social-cognitive schema (referred to as a ‘script’ in this paper), rather than from acts of recall or memory. Methods: Using a between-groups design with one repeated (within-subjects) measure, problem drinkers and non-problem drinkers were asked to complete a questionnaire about drinking behaviour and symptoms. Each group filled in the questionnaire twice, under both of two conditions. In condition one, they used the questionnaire to describe their own drinking and in condition two they were asked to describe the drinking of the other group (i.e. the problem drinkers filled out the questionnaire to describe non-problem drinking and the non-problem drinkers described problem drinking). Results: Using analyses of variance for the different sub-scales of the questionnaire, no overall differences were found between the two groups on four of the five subscales. However, clear and significant differences were found between the two conditions. That is, both groups were able to produce clearly differentiated scripts for both problem drinking and non-problem drinking. Conclusions: These data, together with related data from other sources, suggest that ‘scripts’ for problem drinking and for non-problem drinking can be elicited from both problem-drinking and non-problem-drinking groups. The data support conclusions from an earlier study, suggesting that subjects may use learned ‘scripts’ rather than recall when responding to certain types of questionnaire instruments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-350
Number of pages5
JournalAlcohol and Alcoholism
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

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Drinking
Alcohols
Learning
Drinking Behavior
Self Report
Analysis of Variance

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Davies, J. B.; McConnochie, Fiona; Ross, A.; Heim, D.; Wallace, B. / Evidence for social learning in the self-presentation of alcohol problems.

In: Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol. 39, No. 4, 2004, p. 346-350.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Evidence for social learning in the self-presentation of alcohol problems",
abstract = "Aims: To examine the extent to which problem alcohol users' self reports of drinking pattern and symptomatology derive primarily from a functional, learned social-cognitive schema (referred to as a ‘script’ in this paper), rather than from acts of recall or memory. Methods: Using a between-groups design with one repeated (within-subjects) measure, problem drinkers and non-problem drinkers were asked to complete a questionnaire about drinking behaviour and symptoms. Each group filled in the questionnaire twice, under both of two conditions. In condition one, they used the questionnaire to describe their own drinking and in condition two they were asked to describe the drinking of the other group (i.e. the problem drinkers filled out the questionnaire to describe non-problem drinking and the non-problem drinkers described problem drinking). Results: Using analyses of variance for the different sub-scales of the questionnaire, no overall differences were found between the two groups on four of the five subscales. However, clear and significant differences were found between the two conditions. That is, both groups were able to produce clearly differentiated scripts for both problem drinking and non-problem drinking. Conclusions: These data, together with related data from other sources, suggest that ‘scripts’ for problem drinking and for non-problem drinking can be elicited from both problem-drinking and non-problem-drinking groups. The data support conclusions from an earlier study, suggesting that subjects may use learned ‘scripts’ rather than recall when responding to certain types of questionnaire instruments.",
author = "Davies, {J. B.} and Fiona McConnochie and A. Ross and D. Heim and B. Wallace",
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Evidence for social learning in the self-presentation of alcohol problems. / Davies, J. B.; McConnochie, Fiona; Ross, A.; Heim, D.; Wallace, B.

In: Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol. 39, No. 4, 2004, p. 346-350.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - McConnochie,Fiona

AU - Ross,A.

AU - Heim,D.

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N2 - Aims: To examine the extent to which problem alcohol users' self reports of drinking pattern and symptomatology derive primarily from a functional, learned social-cognitive schema (referred to as a ‘script’ in this paper), rather than from acts of recall or memory. Methods: Using a between-groups design with one repeated (within-subjects) measure, problem drinkers and non-problem drinkers were asked to complete a questionnaire about drinking behaviour and symptoms. Each group filled in the questionnaire twice, under both of two conditions. In condition one, they used the questionnaire to describe their own drinking and in condition two they were asked to describe the drinking of the other group (i.e. the problem drinkers filled out the questionnaire to describe non-problem drinking and the non-problem drinkers described problem drinking). Results: Using analyses of variance for the different sub-scales of the questionnaire, no overall differences were found between the two groups on four of the five subscales. However, clear and significant differences were found between the two conditions. That is, both groups were able to produce clearly differentiated scripts for both problem drinking and non-problem drinking. Conclusions: These data, together with related data from other sources, suggest that ‘scripts’ for problem drinking and for non-problem drinking can be elicited from both problem-drinking and non-problem-drinking groups. The data support conclusions from an earlier study, suggesting that subjects may use learned ‘scripts’ rather than recall when responding to certain types of questionnaire instruments.

AB - Aims: To examine the extent to which problem alcohol users' self reports of drinking pattern and symptomatology derive primarily from a functional, learned social-cognitive schema (referred to as a ‘script’ in this paper), rather than from acts of recall or memory. Methods: Using a between-groups design with one repeated (within-subjects) measure, problem drinkers and non-problem drinkers were asked to complete a questionnaire about drinking behaviour and symptoms. Each group filled in the questionnaire twice, under both of two conditions. In condition one, they used the questionnaire to describe their own drinking and in condition two they were asked to describe the drinking of the other group (i.e. the problem drinkers filled out the questionnaire to describe non-problem drinking and the non-problem drinkers described problem drinking). Results: Using analyses of variance for the different sub-scales of the questionnaire, no overall differences were found between the two groups on four of the five subscales. However, clear and significant differences were found between the two conditions. That is, both groups were able to produce clearly differentiated scripts for both problem drinking and non-problem drinking. Conclusions: These data, together with related data from other sources, suggest that ‘scripts’ for problem drinking and for non-problem drinking can be elicited from both problem-drinking and non-problem-drinking groups. The data support conclusions from an earlier study, suggesting that subjects may use learned ‘scripts’ rather than recall when responding to certain types of questionnaire instruments.

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