Experimental versus theoretical log D7.4, pKa and plasma protein binding values for benzodiazepines appearing as new psychoactive substances

Kieran R. Manchester, Peter D. Maskell, Laura Waters

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)
    16 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    The misuse of benzodiazepines as new psychoactive substances is an increasing problem around the world. Basic physicochemical and pharmacokinetic data is required on these substances in order to interpret and predict their effects upon humans. Experimental log D7.4, pKa and plasma protein binding values were determined for 11 benzodiazepines that have recently appeared as new psychoactive substances (3‐hydroxyphenazepam, 4’‐chlorodiazepam, desalkylflurazepam, deschloroetizolam, diclazepam, etizolam, flubromazepam, flubromazolam, meclonazepam, phenazepam and pyrazolam) and compared with values generated by various software packages (ACD/I‐lab, MarvinSketch, ADMET Predictor and PreADMET). ACD/I‐LAB returned the most accurate values for log D7.4 and plasma protein binding while ADMET Predictor returned the most accurate values for pKa. Large variations in predictive errors were observed between compounds. Experimental values are currently preferable and desirable as they may aid with the future ‘training’ of predictive models for these new psychoactive substances.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1258-1269
    Number of pages12
    JournalDrug Testing and Analysis
    Volume10
    Issue number8
    Early online date26 Mar 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2018

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    Benzodiazepines
    Protein Binding
    Blood Proteins
    plasma
    protein
    Pharmacokinetics
    Software packages
    Software
    software
    didesethylflurazepam
    phenazepam
    etizolam
    meclonazepam
    effect
    world
    pharmacokinetics

    Cite this

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    abstract = "The misuse of benzodiazepines as new psychoactive substances is an increasing problem around the world. Basic physicochemical and pharmacokinetic data is required on these substances in order to interpret and predict their effects upon humans. Experimental log D7.4, pKa and plasma protein binding values were determined for 11 benzodiazepines that have recently appeared as new psychoactive substances (3‐hydroxyphenazepam, 4’‐chlorodiazepam, desalkylflurazepam, deschloroetizolam, diclazepam, etizolam, flubromazepam, flubromazolam, meclonazepam, phenazepam and pyrazolam) and compared with values generated by various software packages (ACD/I‐lab, MarvinSketch, ADMET Predictor and PreADMET). ACD/I‐LAB returned the most accurate values for log D7.4 and plasma protein binding while ADMET Predictor returned the most accurate values for pKa. Large variations in predictive errors were observed between compounds. Experimental values are currently preferable and desirable as they may aid with the future ‘training’ of predictive models for these new psychoactive substances.",
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    Experimental versus theoretical log D7.4, pKa and plasma protein binding values for benzodiazepines appearing as new psychoactive substances. / Manchester, Kieran R.; Maskell, Peter D.; Waters, Laura.

    In: Drug Testing and Analysis, Vol. 10, No. 8, 15.08.2018, p. 1258-1269.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - The misuse of benzodiazepines as new psychoactive substances is an increasing problem around the world. Basic physicochemical and pharmacokinetic data is required on these substances in order to interpret and predict their effects upon humans. Experimental log D7.4, pKa and plasma protein binding values were determined for 11 benzodiazepines that have recently appeared as new psychoactive substances (3‐hydroxyphenazepam, 4’‐chlorodiazepam, desalkylflurazepam, deschloroetizolam, diclazepam, etizolam, flubromazepam, flubromazolam, meclonazepam, phenazepam and pyrazolam) and compared with values generated by various software packages (ACD/I‐lab, MarvinSketch, ADMET Predictor and PreADMET). ACD/I‐LAB returned the most accurate values for log D7.4 and plasma protein binding while ADMET Predictor returned the most accurate values for pKa. Large variations in predictive errors were observed between compounds. Experimental values are currently preferable and desirable as they may aid with the future ‘training’ of predictive models for these new psychoactive substances.

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