Exploring criminal justice policy transfer models and mobilities using a case study of violence reduction

William Graham*, Annette Robertson

*Corresponding author for this work

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Although there is growing interest in criminal justice policy transfer, a dearth of empirical research in this area has been acknowledged. This article addresses this gap by presenting the results of research conducted on a case of policy transfer of a criminal justice programme, focused on group/gang violence reduction, from America to Scotland. Policy transfer models were used to develop, frame and conduct the analysis of what was considered a ‘successful’ programme transfer; however, it was found that no single model could fully account conceptually for a key finding of the research, namely a policy transfer ‘backflow’. This article details the key processes, mechanisms and outcomes of the policy transfer and in doing so reflects on the usefulness of orthodox and non-orthodox/social-constructionist policy transfer approaches in understanding the outcomes of this case of criminal justice programme transfer.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages19
JournalCriminology and Criminal Justice
Early online date8 Feb 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Feb 2021

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