Factors influencing the radiative surface temperature of grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) pups during early and late lactation

D. J. McCafferty, S. Moss, Kimberley A. Bennett, P. P. Pomeroy

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the variation in body surface temperature of grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) pups throughout lactation in response to different environmental conditions. Radiative surface temperatures (Tr, °C) of pups were measured on the Isle of May (56°11′N, 02°33′W), southeast Scotland from 29 October to 25 November 2003. Records were obtained from a total of 60 pups (32 female and 28 male) from three different pupping sites during early and late lactation. Pups were sheltered from high wind speeds but air temperature, humidity and solar radiation at pupping sites were similar to general meteorological conditions. The mean Tr of all pups was 15.8°C (range 7.7–29.7°C) at an average air temperature of 10.2°C (range 6.5–13.8°C). There was no difference in the mean Tr of pups between early and late lactation. However, the Tr varied between different regions of the body with hind flippers on average 2–6°C warmer than all other areas measured. There was no difference in mean Tr of male and female pups and pup body mass did not account for the variation in Tr during early or late lactation. Throughout the day there was an increase in the Tr of pups and this explained 20–28% of the variation in Tr depending on stage of lactation. There was no difference in the mean Tr of pups between pupping sites or associated with different substrate types. Wind speed and substrate temperature had no effect on the Tr of pups. However, solar radiation, air temperature and relative humidity accounted for 48% of the variation in mean Tr of pups during early lactation. During late lactation air temperature and solar radiation alone accounted for 43% of the variation in Tr. These results indicate that environmental conditions explain only some of the variation in Tr of grey seal pups in natural conditions. Differences in Tr however indicate that the cost of thermoregulation for pups will vary throughout lactation. Further studies examining intrinsic factors such as blubber thickness and activity levels are necessary before developing reliable biophysical models for grey seals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-431
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
Volume175
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jul 2005

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Earless Seals
Halichoerus grypus
late lactation
lactation
early lactation
Lactation
seals
pups
surface temperature
Seals
Temperature
Solar radiation
air temperature
Air
solar radiation
Radiation
Humidity
Atmospheric humidity
wind velocity
environmental conditions

Cite this

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title = "Factors influencing the radiative surface temperature of grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) pups during early and late lactation",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to examine the variation in body surface temperature of grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) pups throughout lactation in response to different environmental conditions. Radiative surface temperatures (Tr, °C) of pups were measured on the Isle of May (56°11′N, 02°33′W), southeast Scotland from 29 October to 25 November 2003. Records were obtained from a total of 60 pups (32 female and 28 male) from three different pupping sites during early and late lactation. Pups were sheltered from high wind speeds but air temperature, humidity and solar radiation at pupping sites were similar to general meteorological conditions. The mean Tr of all pups was 15.8°C (range 7.7–29.7°C) at an average air temperature of 10.2°C (range 6.5–13.8°C). There was no difference in the mean Tr of pups between early and late lactation. However, the Tr varied between different regions of the body with hind flippers on average 2–6°C warmer than all other areas measured. There was no difference in mean Tr of male and female pups and pup body mass did not account for the variation in Tr during early or late lactation. Throughout the day there was an increase in the Tr of pups and this explained 20–28{\%} of the variation in Tr depending on stage of lactation. There was no difference in the mean Tr of pups between pupping sites or associated with different substrate types. Wind speed and substrate temperature had no effect on the Tr of pups. However, solar radiation, air temperature and relative humidity accounted for 48{\%} of the variation in mean Tr of pups during early lactation. During late lactation air temperature and solar radiation alone accounted for 43{\%} of the variation in Tr. These results indicate that environmental conditions explain only some of the variation in Tr of grey seal pups in natural conditions. Differences in Tr however indicate that the cost of thermoregulation for pups will vary throughout lactation. Further studies examining intrinsic factors such as blubber thickness and activity levels are necessary before developing reliable biophysical models for grey seals.",
author = "McCafferty, {D. J.} and S. Moss and Bennett, {Kimberley A.} and Pomeroy, {P. P.}",
year = "2005",
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T1 - Factors influencing the radiative surface temperature of grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) pups during early and late lactation

AU - McCafferty, D. J.

AU - Moss, S.

AU - Bennett, Kimberley A.

AU - Pomeroy, P. P.

PY - 2005/7/5

Y1 - 2005/7/5

N2 - The aim of this study was to examine the variation in body surface temperature of grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) pups throughout lactation in response to different environmental conditions. Radiative surface temperatures (Tr, °C) of pups were measured on the Isle of May (56°11′N, 02°33′W), southeast Scotland from 29 October to 25 November 2003. Records were obtained from a total of 60 pups (32 female and 28 male) from three different pupping sites during early and late lactation. Pups were sheltered from high wind speeds but air temperature, humidity and solar radiation at pupping sites were similar to general meteorological conditions. The mean Tr of all pups was 15.8°C (range 7.7–29.7°C) at an average air temperature of 10.2°C (range 6.5–13.8°C). There was no difference in the mean Tr of pups between early and late lactation. However, the Tr varied between different regions of the body with hind flippers on average 2–6°C warmer than all other areas measured. There was no difference in mean Tr of male and female pups and pup body mass did not account for the variation in Tr during early or late lactation. Throughout the day there was an increase in the Tr of pups and this explained 20–28% of the variation in Tr depending on stage of lactation. There was no difference in the mean Tr of pups between pupping sites or associated with different substrate types. Wind speed and substrate temperature had no effect on the Tr of pups. However, solar radiation, air temperature and relative humidity accounted for 48% of the variation in mean Tr of pups during early lactation. During late lactation air temperature and solar radiation alone accounted for 43% of the variation in Tr. These results indicate that environmental conditions explain only some of the variation in Tr of grey seal pups in natural conditions. Differences in Tr however indicate that the cost of thermoregulation for pups will vary throughout lactation. Further studies examining intrinsic factors such as blubber thickness and activity levels are necessary before developing reliable biophysical models for grey seals.

AB - The aim of this study was to examine the variation in body surface temperature of grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) pups throughout lactation in response to different environmental conditions. Radiative surface temperatures (Tr, °C) of pups were measured on the Isle of May (56°11′N, 02°33′W), southeast Scotland from 29 October to 25 November 2003. Records were obtained from a total of 60 pups (32 female and 28 male) from three different pupping sites during early and late lactation. Pups were sheltered from high wind speeds but air temperature, humidity and solar radiation at pupping sites were similar to general meteorological conditions. The mean Tr of all pups was 15.8°C (range 7.7–29.7°C) at an average air temperature of 10.2°C (range 6.5–13.8°C). There was no difference in the mean Tr of pups between early and late lactation. However, the Tr varied between different regions of the body with hind flippers on average 2–6°C warmer than all other areas measured. There was no difference in mean Tr of male and female pups and pup body mass did not account for the variation in Tr during early or late lactation. Throughout the day there was an increase in the Tr of pups and this explained 20–28% of the variation in Tr depending on stage of lactation. There was no difference in the mean Tr of pups between pupping sites or associated with different substrate types. Wind speed and substrate temperature had no effect on the Tr of pups. However, solar radiation, air temperature and relative humidity accounted for 48% of the variation in mean Tr of pups during early lactation. During late lactation air temperature and solar radiation alone accounted for 43% of the variation in Tr. These results indicate that environmental conditions explain only some of the variation in Tr of grey seal pups in natural conditions. Differences in Tr however indicate that the cost of thermoregulation for pups will vary throughout lactation. Further studies examining intrinsic factors such as blubber thickness and activity levels are necessary before developing reliable biophysical models for grey seals.

U2 - 10.1007/s00360-005-0004-4

DO - 10.1007/s00360-005-0004-4

M3 - Article

VL - 175

SP - 423

EP - 431

JO - Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology

JF - Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology

SN - 0174-1578

IS - 6

ER -