Gender inequality, corruption, and economic development

Gonzalo F. Forgues-Puccio, Erven Lauw*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
54 Downloads (Pure)


We investigate the effect of bureaucratic corruption on economic development when women are discriminated against in the labor market. The analysis is based on a dynamic general equilibrium model in which capital accumulation drives economic development. The government appoints bureaucrats to administer public policy. Corruption arises due to the opportunity for bureaucrats to embezzle public funds. In the event of detection and dismissal, the private sector serves as the bureaucrats' outside option. Our main results can be summarized as follows: first, when the public sector is a more gender‐equal employer than the private sector, female bureaucrats are less corrupt than male; second, corruption and development are jointly determined allowing the possibility of a poverty trap; and third, a policy to increase female participation in the public sector potentially reduces corruption and fosters economic development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2133-2156
Number of pages24
JournalReview of Development Economics
Issue number4
Early online date2 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2021


  • Corruption
  • Economic development
  • Gender inequality


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