Health related behaviours: grouped risks across adolescence

Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Luis Calmeiro, Joan M. Batista-Foguet, Nuno Loureiro, Jorge Mota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Adolescence can be associated with a tendency to engage in health damaging behaviour. The purpose of this study is to test whether cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors are present in this age group, and to explore possible moderator variables. Methods: The database of the Portuguese Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC; Currie, Hurrelmann, Settertobulte, Smith & Todd, 2000) study was used comprising a nationally representative sample of 6131 adolescents attending the 6th, 8th and 10th grades (M = 14 years, SD = 1.85). Students answered a self-report questionnaire concerning health behaviours. Results: An Exploratory Factor Analysis with Promax Rotation yielded a factor solution consisting of four types of risk behaviours: psychological symptoms, substance use, weight inducers, and body concerns and inactivity. Younger students demonstrated the least risky behaviours. Females scored highest in psychological symptoms and body concerns, whereas males scored highest in substance abuse and weight inducers. Psychological symptoms and body concerns are higher among overweight and obese adolescents compared to normal weight adolescents. Conclusions: Adolescents already present a number of risk behaviours associated with CVD. This association is moderated by gender, age and Body Mass Index (BMI). Implications are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-27
Number of pages16
JournalBrazilian Journal of Cognitive Therapies
Volume3
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2007

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Health
Psychology
Health Behavior
Cardiovascular Diseases
Students
Epidemiologic Effect Modifiers
Self Report
Statistical Factor Analysis
Substance-Related Disorders
Body Mass Index
Age Groups
Body Weight

Cite this

Matos, M. G. D., Calmeiro, L., Batista-Foguet, J. M., Loureiro, N., & Mota, J. (2007). Health related behaviours: grouped risks across adolescence. Brazilian Journal of Cognitive Therapies, 3(1), 12-27.

Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Calmeiro, Luis; Batista-Foguet, Joan M.; Loureiro, Nuno; Mota, Jorge / Health related behaviours : grouped risks across adolescence.

In: Brazilian Journal of Cognitive Therapies, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2007, p. 12-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Matos, MGD, Calmeiro, L, Batista-Foguet, JM, Loureiro, N & Mota, J 2007, 'Health related behaviours: grouped risks across adolescence' Brazilian Journal of Cognitive Therapies, vol 3, no. 1, pp. 12-27.

Health related behaviours : grouped risks across adolescence. / Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Calmeiro, Luis; Batista-Foguet, Joan M.; Loureiro, Nuno; Mota, Jorge.

In: Brazilian Journal of Cognitive Therapies, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2007, p. 12-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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