How might a Stoic eat in accordance with nature and “environmental facts”?

Kai Whiting*, William O. Stephens, Edward Simpson, Leonidas Konstantakos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
172 Downloads (Pure)


This paper explores how to deliberate about food choices from a Stoic perspective informed by the value of environmental sustainability. This perspective is reconstructed from both ancient and contemporary sources of Stoic philosophy. An account of what the Stoic goal of “living in agreement with nature” would amount to in dietary practice is presented. Given ecological facts about food production, an argument is made that Stoic virtue made manifest as wisdom, justice, courage, and temperance compel Stoic practitioners to select locally sourced, low resource input, plant-based foods whenever circumstances allow.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369–389
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics
Issue number3-6
Early online date14 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020


  • Diet
  • Stoicism
  • Sustainability
  • Veganism
  • Vegetarianism
  • Virtue ethics


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