Implications of root spatial relationships in young wheat obtained from CT-scanning for an invasion by fungal pathogens

Adam Kleczkowski, Douglas J. Bailey, Wilfred Otten, Margaret Grose, Christopher A. Gilligan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We analyse the way in which spatial arrangement of roots of plants provides a landscape for spread of soil microorganisms. We use a pathozone concept to characterise the behaviour at the individual root level, whereas percolation theory is used to scale-up to the population of roots. Sectional images of living wheat roots were obtained non-destructively by whole-body computed tomography X-ray scanning (X-ray CT). The data were subsequently interpreted in the light of a potential for spread of a fungal pathogen, initiated from a soil propagule and subsequently realized through a root-to-root transmission. We show that realistic root systems can support very different potential for microorganisms spread, with rapid switches from non-invasive to invasive behaviour. The switch can be controlled by time or nutrition (increase in root density resulting in invasion) or properties of the pathogen or interactions with other microorganisms (increase in pathozone width resulting in invasion). There is a substantial variability among plants so that the depth of a zone of potential spread can significantly differ even for plants growing under very similar conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIOBC-WPRS Bulletin
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the meeting at Dijon (France): Multitrophic Interactions in Soil
EditorsChristian Steinberg, Véronique Edel-Hermann, Hanna Friberg, Claude Alabouvette, Arno Tronsmo
PublisherIOBC-WPRS
Pages109-112
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9789290672166
StatePublished - 2009
EventIOBC Conference Working Group - Dijon, France

Other

OtherIOBC Conference Working Group
CountryFrance
CityDijon
Period24/06/0727/06/07

Fingerprint

pathogens
microorganisms
wheat
computed tomography
soil microorganisms
ornamental plants
root systems
infiltration (hydrology)
nutrition
soil

Cite this

Kleczkowski, A., Bailey, D. J., Otten, W., Grose, M., & Gilligan, C. A. (2009). Implications of root spatial relationships in young wheat obtained from CT-scanning for an invasion by fungal pathogens. In C. Steinberg, V. Edel-Hermann, H. Friberg, C. Alabouvette, & A. Tronsmo (Eds.), IOBC-WPRS Bulletin: Proceedings of the meeting at Dijon (France): Multitrophic Interactions in Soil (pp. 109-112). IOBC-WPRS.

Kleczkowski, Adam; Bailey, Douglas J.; Otten, Wilfred; Grose, Margaret; Gilligan, Christopher A. / Implications of root spatial relationships in young wheat obtained from CT-scanning for an invasion by fungal pathogens.

IOBC-WPRS Bulletin: Proceedings of the meeting at Dijon (France): Multitrophic Interactions in Soil. ed. / Christian Steinberg; Véronique Edel-Hermann; Hanna Friberg; Claude Alabouvette; Arno Tronsmo. IOBC-WPRS, 2009. p. 109-112.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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abstract = "We analyse the way in which spatial arrangement of roots of plants provides a landscape for spread of soil microorganisms. We use a pathozone concept to characterise the behaviour at the individual root level, whereas percolation theory is used to scale-up to the population of roots. Sectional images of living wheat roots were obtained non-destructively by whole-body computed tomography X-ray scanning (X-ray CT). The data were subsequently interpreted in the light of a potential for spread of a fungal pathogen, initiated from a soil propagule and subsequently realized through a root-to-root transmission. We show that realistic root systems can support very different potential for microorganisms spread, with rapid switches from non-invasive to invasive behaviour. The switch can be controlled by time or nutrition (increase in root density resulting in invasion) or properties of the pathogen or interactions with other microorganisms (increase in pathozone width resulting in invasion). There is a substantial variability among plants so that the depth of a zone of potential spread can significantly differ even for plants growing under very similar conditions.",
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Kleczkowski, A, Bailey, DJ, Otten, W, Grose, M & Gilligan, CA 2009, Implications of root spatial relationships in young wheat obtained from CT-scanning for an invasion by fungal pathogens. in C Steinberg, V Edel-Hermann, H Friberg, C Alabouvette & A Tronsmo (eds), IOBC-WPRS Bulletin: Proceedings of the meeting at Dijon (France): Multitrophic Interactions in Soil. IOBC-WPRS, pp. 109-112, IOBC Conference Working Group, Dijon, France, 24-27 June.

Implications of root spatial relationships in young wheat obtained from CT-scanning for an invasion by fungal pathogens. / Kleczkowski, Adam; Bailey, Douglas J.; Otten, Wilfred; Grose, Margaret; Gilligan, Christopher A.

IOBC-WPRS Bulletin: Proceedings of the meeting at Dijon (France): Multitrophic Interactions in Soil. ed. / Christian Steinberg; Véronique Edel-Hermann; Hanna Friberg; Claude Alabouvette; Arno Tronsmo. IOBC-WPRS, 2009. p. 109-112.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Implications of root spatial relationships in young wheat obtained from CT-scanning for an invasion by fungal pathogens

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AU - Bailey,Douglas J.

AU - Otten,Wilfred

AU - Grose,Margaret

AU - Gilligan,Christopher A.

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N2 - We analyse the way in which spatial arrangement of roots of plants provides a landscape for spread of soil microorganisms. We use a pathozone concept to characterise the behaviour at the individual root level, whereas percolation theory is used to scale-up to the population of roots. Sectional images of living wheat roots were obtained non-destructively by whole-body computed tomography X-ray scanning (X-ray CT). The data were subsequently interpreted in the light of a potential for spread of a fungal pathogen, initiated from a soil propagule and subsequently realized through a root-to-root transmission. We show that realistic root systems can support very different potential for microorganisms spread, with rapid switches from non-invasive to invasive behaviour. The switch can be controlled by time or nutrition (increase in root density resulting in invasion) or properties of the pathogen or interactions with other microorganisms (increase in pathozone width resulting in invasion). There is a substantial variability among plants so that the depth of a zone of potential spread can significantly differ even for plants growing under very similar conditions.

AB - We analyse the way in which spatial arrangement of roots of plants provides a landscape for spread of soil microorganisms. We use a pathozone concept to characterise the behaviour at the individual root level, whereas percolation theory is used to scale-up to the population of roots. Sectional images of living wheat roots were obtained non-destructively by whole-body computed tomography X-ray scanning (X-ray CT). The data were subsequently interpreted in the light of a potential for spread of a fungal pathogen, initiated from a soil propagule and subsequently realized through a root-to-root transmission. We show that realistic root systems can support very different potential for microorganisms spread, with rapid switches from non-invasive to invasive behaviour. The switch can be controlled by time or nutrition (increase in root density resulting in invasion) or properties of the pathogen or interactions with other microorganisms (increase in pathozone width resulting in invasion). There is a substantial variability among plants so that the depth of a zone of potential spread can significantly differ even for plants growing under very similar conditions.

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9789290672166

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BT - IOBC-WPRS Bulletin

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Kleczkowski A, Bailey DJ, Otten W, Grose M, Gilligan CA. Implications of root spatial relationships in young wheat obtained from CT-scanning for an invasion by fungal pathogens. In Steinberg C, Edel-Hermann V, Friberg H, Alabouvette C, Tronsmo A, editors, IOBC-WPRS Bulletin: Proceedings of the meeting at Dijon (France): Multitrophic Interactions in Soil. IOBC-WPRS. 2009. p. 109-112.