Injury occurrence and mood states during a desert ultramarathon

Scott M. Graham, Mairi McKinley, Connaboy C. Chris, Tony Westbury, Julien S. Baker, Lon Kilgore, Geraint Florida-James

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To describe injuries and illnesses presented and profile mood states and sleep patterns during a desert environment ultramarathon. Design: Prospective study gathering data on mood states and injury patterns. Setting: Gobi Desert, Mongolia. Participants: Eleven male competitors (mean mass, 83.7 +/- 7.1 kg; body mass index, 24 +/- 1.79 kg/m2; age, 33 +/- 11 years). Interventions: Injuries were clinically assessed and recorded each day. Main Outcome Measures: Mood state was assessed using the Brunel Mood Scale. Results: All subjects presented with abrasion injuries, dehydration, and heat stress. Vigor decreased over the first 6 days while fatigue increased (P <0.05). Fatigue and vigor recovered on the final morning. The observed recovery was set against increasing levels of depression, tension, and confusion, which peaked at days 5/6 but returned to day 1 levels on the 7th day morning (P <0.05). Mean sleep duration (6:17 +/- 00:48 hours:minutes; lowest on day 6, 4:43 +/- 01:54 hours:minutes) did not vary significantly across the 7 days but did correlate with mood alterations (P <0.05). Increased anger and fatigue correlated strongly with sleep disruption (r = 0.736 and 0.768, respectively). Vigor and depression displayed a moderately strong correlation to sleep (r = 0.564 and -0.530). Conclusions: Injury patterns were similar to those reported in other adventure/ultradistance events. Consistent with previous work, data show increased fatigue and reduced vigor in response to an arduous physical challenge.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)462–466
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Fatigue
Sleep
Wounds and Injuries
Mongolia
Depression
Confusion
Anger
Dehydration
Body Mass Index
Hot Temperature
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Prospective Studies

Cite this

Graham, S. M., McKinley, M., Chris, C. C., Westbury, T., Baker, J. S., Kilgore, L., & Florida-James, G. (2012). Injury occurrence and mood states during a desert ultramarathon. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 22(6), 462–466. https://doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0b013e3182694734
Graham, Scott M. ; McKinley, Mairi ; Chris, Connaboy C. ; Westbury, Tony ; Baker, Julien S. ; Kilgore, Lon ; Florida-James, Geraint. / Injury occurrence and mood states during a desert ultramarathon. In: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2012 ; Vol. 22, No. 6. pp. 462–466.
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Graham, SM, McKinley, M, Chris, CC, Westbury, T, Baker, JS, Kilgore, L & Florida-James, G 2012, 'Injury occurrence and mood states during a desert ultramarathon', Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 462–466. https://doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0b013e3182694734

Injury occurrence and mood states during a desert ultramarathon. / Graham, Scott M.; McKinley, Mairi; Chris, Connaboy C.; Westbury, Tony; Baker, Julien S.; Kilgore, Lon; Florida-James, Geraint.

In: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, Vol. 22, No. 6, 11.2012, p. 462–466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Florida-James, Geraint

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N2 - Objective: To describe injuries and illnesses presented and profile mood states and sleep patterns during a desert environment ultramarathon. Design: Prospective study gathering data on mood states and injury patterns. Setting: Gobi Desert, Mongolia. Participants: Eleven male competitors (mean mass, 83.7 +/- 7.1 kg; body mass index, 24 +/- 1.79 kg/m2; age, 33 +/- 11 years). Interventions: Injuries were clinically assessed and recorded each day. Main Outcome Measures: Mood state was assessed using the Brunel Mood Scale. Results: All subjects presented with abrasion injuries, dehydration, and heat stress. Vigor decreased over the first 6 days while fatigue increased (P <0.05). Fatigue and vigor recovered on the final morning. The observed recovery was set against increasing levels of depression, tension, and confusion, which peaked at days 5/6 but returned to day 1 levels on the 7th day morning (P <0.05). Mean sleep duration (6:17 +/- 00:48 hours:minutes; lowest on day 6, 4:43 +/- 01:54 hours:minutes) did not vary significantly across the 7 days but did correlate with mood alterations (P <0.05). Increased anger and fatigue correlated strongly with sleep disruption (r = 0.736 and 0.768, respectively). Vigor and depression displayed a moderately strong correlation to sleep (r = 0.564 and -0.530). Conclusions: Injury patterns were similar to those reported in other adventure/ultradistance events. Consistent with previous work, data show increased fatigue and reduced vigor in response to an arduous physical challenge.

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Graham SM, McKinley M, Chris CC, Westbury T, Baker JS, Kilgore L et al. Injury occurrence and mood states during a desert ultramarathon. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2012 Nov;22(6):462–466. https://doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0b013e3182694734