Is there proactive inhibitory control during bilingual and bidialectal language production?

Mathieu Declerck, Elisabeth Özbakar, Neil W. Kirk

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The bilingual language control literature generally assumes that cross-language interference resolution relies on inhibition of the non-target language. A similar approach has been taken in the bidialectal language control literature. However, there is little evidence along these lines for proactive language control, which entails a control process that is implemented as an anticipation of any cross-language interference. To further investigate the possibility of proactive inhibitory control, we examined the effect of language variety preparation time, by manipulating the cue-to-stimulus interval, on parallel language activation, by manipulating cognate status. If proactive language control relies on inhibition, one would expect less parallel language activation (i.e., a smaller cognate facilitation effect) with increased proactive inhibitory control (i.e., a long cue-to-stimulus interval). This was not the case with either bilinguals or bidialectals. So, the current study does not provide evidence for proactive inhibitory control during bilingual and bidialectal language production.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0257355
Number of pages16
JournalPLoS One
Issue number9
Early online date14 Sep 2021
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sep 2021

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