Low temperature synthesis of the lithium-rich cubic spinel Li4Mn5O12 with an oxidation state very close to +4 is described. The effect of doping this compound with cobalt according to the solid solution mechanism Li4-xMn5-2xCo3xO12 up to the solid solution limit, LiMnCoO4, has also been explored. The evolution of the structure and electrochemistry with increasing cobalt doping is described. With increasing x there is increasing population of the tetrahedral 8a site by transition metal ions reaching 25% occupancy by Co at LiMnCoO4 with corresponding displacement of Li to 16d sites. The optimum performance was obtained for the composition Li3.75Mn4.5Co0.75O12 which yields a capacity of 150 mA g-1 at a rate of 25 mA g-1 (equivalent to C/6) with no perceptible capacity loss, in sharp contrast to the pure Mn materials.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Power Sources|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2001|
|Event||10th International Meeting on Lithium Batteries - Como, Italy|
Duration: 28 May 2001 → 2 Jun 2001