Metabolomics driven analysis by UAEGC-MS and antioxidant activity of Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) commercial and mutant seeds

Bruna de Falco, Alberto Fiore, Roberta Rossi, Mariana Amato, Virginia Lanzotti

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    8 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    Chia is a food plant producing seeds which have seen increasing interest owing to their health benefits. This work is the first report on the metabolite profile, total polyphenols and antioxidant activity of chia seeds, determined by ultrasound-assisted extraction, coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (UAE GC-MS). Different chia sources were compared: two commercial (black and white) and three early flowering (G3, G8 and G17) mutant genotypes. Organic extracts were mainly composed of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids with alpha-linolenic being the most abundant. Polar extracts contained sucrose, methylgalactoside and glucose as main sugars. Antioxidant activity and total polyphenolic content were correlated. Chemical composition and yield potential of early flowering genotypes were different from commercial chia, and while white chia showed the highest content of omega-3 fatty acids, the high content of nutraceuticals in G17 and G8 suggests them as a potential source of raw materials for the food/feed industry.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)137-143
    Number of pages7
    JournalFood Chemistry
    Volume254
    Early online date2 Feb 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2018

    Fingerprint

    Salvia hispanica
    Salvia
    Metabolomics
    metabolomics
    Methylgalactosides
    Seed
    Seeds
    polyphenols
    Antioxidants
    antioxidant activity
    Genotype
    flowering
    feed industry
    Monounsaturated Fatty Acids
    mutants
    Edible Plants
    genotype
    Food Industry
    Omega-3 Fatty Acids
    extracts

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Chia is a food plant producing seeds which have seen increasing interest owing to their health benefits. This work is the first report on the metabolite profile, total polyphenols and antioxidant activity of chia seeds, determined by ultrasound-assisted extraction, coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (UAE GC-MS). Different chia sources were compared: two commercial (black and white) and three early flowering (G3, G8 and G17) mutant genotypes. Organic extracts were mainly composed of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids with alpha-linolenic being the most abundant. Polar extracts contained sucrose, methylgalactoside and glucose as main sugars. Antioxidant activity and total polyphenolic content were correlated. Chemical composition and yield potential of early flowering genotypes were different from commercial chia, and while white chia showed the highest content of omega-3 fatty acids, the high content of nutraceuticals in G17 and G8 suggests them as a potential source of raw materials for the food/feed industry.",
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    language = "English",
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    journal = "Food Chemistry",
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    Metabolomics driven analysis by UAEGC-MS and antioxidant activity of Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) commercial and mutant seeds. / de Falco, Bruna; Fiore, Alberto; Rossi, Roberta; Amato, Mariana; Lanzotti, Virginia.

    In: Food Chemistry, Vol. 254, 15.07.2018, p. 137-143.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - de Falco, Bruna

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    AU - Lanzotti, Virginia

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    AB - Chia is a food plant producing seeds which have seen increasing interest owing to their health benefits. This work is the first report on the metabolite profile, total polyphenols and antioxidant activity of chia seeds, determined by ultrasound-assisted extraction, coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (UAE GC-MS). Different chia sources were compared: two commercial (black and white) and three early flowering (G3, G8 and G17) mutant genotypes. Organic extracts were mainly composed of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids with alpha-linolenic being the most abundant. Polar extracts contained sucrose, methylgalactoside and glucose as main sugars. Antioxidant activity and total polyphenolic content were correlated. Chemical composition and yield potential of early flowering genotypes were different from commercial chia, and while white chia showed the highest content of omega-3 fatty acids, the high content of nutraceuticals in G17 and G8 suggests them as a potential source of raw materials for the food/feed industry.

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