Motor imagery training improves precision of an upper limb movement in patients with hemiparesis

Luiza Grabherr, Corinne Jola, Gilberto Berra, Robert Theiler, Fred W. Mast

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)
43 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In healthy participants, beneficial effects of motor imagery training on movement execution have been shown for precision, strength, and speed. In the clinical context, it is still debated whether motor imagery provides an effective rehabilitation technique in patients with motor deficits.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of two different types of movement training: motor imagery vs. motor execution.

METHODS: Twenty-five patients with hemiparesis were assigned to one of two training groups: the imagery or the execution-training group. Both groups completed a baseline test before they received six training sessions, each of which was followed by a test session. Using a novel and precisely quantifiable test, we assessed how accurately patients performed an upper limb movement.

RESULTS: Both training groups improved performance over the six test sessions but the improvement was significantly larger in the imagery group. That is, the imagery group was able to perform more precise movements than the execution group after the sixth training session while there was no difference at the beginning of the training.

CONCLUSIONS: The results provide evidence for the benefit of motor imagery training in patients with hemiparesis and thus suggest the integration of cognitive training in conventional physiotherapy practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-166
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroRehabilitation
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Imagery (Psychotherapy)
Paresis
Upper Extremity
Healthy Volunteers
Rehabilitation

Cite this

Grabherr, Luiza ; Jola, Corinne ; Berra, Gilberto ; Theiler, Robert ; Mast, Fred W. / Motor imagery training improves precision of an upper limb movement in patients with hemiparesis. In: NeuroRehabilitation. 2015 ; Vol. 36, No. 2. pp. 157-166.
@article{10dd367b331a4df7ab60781a8cb58b88,
title = "Motor imagery training improves precision of an upper limb movement in patients with hemiparesis",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: In healthy participants, beneficial effects of motor imagery training on movement execution have been shown for precision, strength, and speed. In the clinical context, it is still debated whether motor imagery provides an effective rehabilitation technique in patients with motor deficits.OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of two different types of movement training: motor imagery vs. motor execution.METHODS: Twenty-five patients with hemiparesis were assigned to one of two training groups: the imagery or the execution-training group. Both groups completed a baseline test before they received six training sessions, each of which was followed by a test session. Using a novel and precisely quantifiable test, we assessed how accurately patients performed an upper limb movement. RESULTS: Both training groups improved performance over the six test sessions but the improvement was significantly larger in the imagery group. That is, the imagery group was able to perform more precise movements than the execution group after the sixth training session while there was no difference at the beginning of the training.CONCLUSIONS: The results provide evidence for the benefit of motor imagery training in patients with hemiparesis and thus suggest the integration of cognitive training in conventional physiotherapy practice.",
author = "Luiza Grabherr and Corinne Jola and Gilberto Berra and Robert Theiler and Mast, {Fred W.}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.3233/NRE-151203",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "157--166",
journal = "NeuroRehabilitation",
issn = "1053-8135",
publisher = "IOS Press",
number = "2",

}

Motor imagery training improves precision of an upper limb movement in patients with hemiparesis. / Grabherr, Luiza; Jola, Corinne; Berra, Gilberto; Theiler, Robert; Mast, Fred W.

In: NeuroRehabilitation, Vol. 36, No. 2, 2015, p. 157-166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Motor imagery training improves precision of an upper limb movement in patients with hemiparesis

AU - Grabherr, Luiza

AU - Jola, Corinne

AU - Berra, Gilberto

AU - Theiler, Robert

AU - Mast, Fred W.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - BACKGROUND: In healthy participants, beneficial effects of motor imagery training on movement execution have been shown for precision, strength, and speed. In the clinical context, it is still debated whether motor imagery provides an effective rehabilitation technique in patients with motor deficits.OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of two different types of movement training: motor imagery vs. motor execution.METHODS: Twenty-five patients with hemiparesis were assigned to one of two training groups: the imagery or the execution-training group. Both groups completed a baseline test before they received six training sessions, each of which was followed by a test session. Using a novel and precisely quantifiable test, we assessed how accurately patients performed an upper limb movement. RESULTS: Both training groups improved performance over the six test sessions but the improvement was significantly larger in the imagery group. That is, the imagery group was able to perform more precise movements than the execution group after the sixth training session while there was no difference at the beginning of the training.CONCLUSIONS: The results provide evidence for the benefit of motor imagery training in patients with hemiparesis and thus suggest the integration of cognitive training in conventional physiotherapy practice.

AB - BACKGROUND: In healthy participants, beneficial effects of motor imagery training on movement execution have been shown for precision, strength, and speed. In the clinical context, it is still debated whether motor imagery provides an effective rehabilitation technique in patients with motor deficits.OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of two different types of movement training: motor imagery vs. motor execution.METHODS: Twenty-five patients with hemiparesis were assigned to one of two training groups: the imagery or the execution-training group. Both groups completed a baseline test before they received six training sessions, each of which was followed by a test session. Using a novel and precisely quantifiable test, we assessed how accurately patients performed an upper limb movement. RESULTS: Both training groups improved performance over the six test sessions but the improvement was significantly larger in the imagery group. That is, the imagery group was able to perform more precise movements than the execution group after the sixth training session while there was no difference at the beginning of the training.CONCLUSIONS: The results provide evidence for the benefit of motor imagery training in patients with hemiparesis and thus suggest the integration of cognitive training in conventional physiotherapy practice.

U2 - 10.3233/NRE-151203

DO - 10.3233/NRE-151203

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 157

EP - 166

JO - NeuroRehabilitation

JF - NeuroRehabilitation

SN - 1053-8135

IS - 2

ER -