Movement time for motion-impaired users assisted by force-feedback: effects of movement amplitude, target width, and gravity well width

Faustina Hwang, Simeon Keates, Patrick Langdon, P. John Clarkson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a study investigating how the performance of motion-impaired computer users in point and click tasks varies with target distance (A), target width (W), and force-feedback gravity well width (GWW). Six motion-impaired users performed point and click tasks across a range of values for A, W, and GWW. Times were observed to increase with A, and to decrease with W. Times also improved with GWW, and, with the addition of a gravity well, a greater improvement was observed for smaller targets than for bigger ones. It was found that Fitts Law gave a good description of behaviour for each value of GWW, and that gravity wells reduced the effect of task difficulty on performance. A model based on Fitts Law is proposed, which incorporates the effect of GWW on movement time. The model accounts for 88.8% of the variance in the observed data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-95
Number of pages11
JournalUniversal Access in the Information Society
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005


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