New 5G Kaiser-based windowing to reduce out of band emission

Ahmed Hammoodi, Lukman Audah, Laith Al-Jobouri*, Mazin Abed Mohammed, Mustafa S. Aljumaily

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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OFDM based waveforms are considered as the main part of the latest cellular communications standard (namely 5G). Many inherited problems from the OFDM-Based LTE are still under investigation. Getting rid of the out of band emissions is one of these problems. Ensuring low out of band emission (OOBE) is deemed as one of the most critical challenges to support development of future technologies such as 6G and beyond. Universal Filtered Multi Carrier (UFMC) has been considered as one of the candidate waveforms for the 5G communications due to its robustness against Inter Carrier Interference (ICI) and the Inter Symbol Interference (ISI). It is also a preferred option because it is the most appropriate for low latency scenarios. In this paper, a novel approach is proposed that makes use of modified Kaiser-Bessel filter-based pulse windowing instead of standard Dolph-Chebyshev filter for UFMC based waveform. The aim of proposing the new approach is to enable the reduction of spectral leakage into nearby sub-bands. A comprehensive study for the modified Kaiser-Bessel filters is performed and the results are presented in terms of several Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). Based on the results of the simulation, the UFMC Kaiser-Hankel window demonstrated lower sidebands and better power spectral density, when compared with the traditional Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) and UFMC as well as the normal UFMC Kaiser window. In addition, the real test for the kaiser window with 5G waveform is lower OOBE than conventional 5G waveform (CP-OFDM and UFMC). The OOBE reduction of 31% of the Kaiser vs. the Dolph-Chebyshev filter, 68% of Kaiser Hankel over the DolphChebyshev, and 20% of Kaiser Hankel over Kaiser filter have been reported in this paper. The Power Spectral Density has been improved accordingly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2721-2738
Number of pages18
JournalComputers, Materials and Continua
Issue number2
Early online date14 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • 5G
  • Kaiser-Bessel filter
  • OFDM
  • UFMC
  • waveform


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