Personally meaningful recovery in people with psychological trauma: initial validity and reliability of the Individual Recovery Outcomes Counter (I.ROC)

Bridey Rudd*, Thanos Karatzias, Aoife Bradley, Claire Fyvie, Scott Hardie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Individual Recovery Outcomes Counter (I.ROC) is a brief tool measuring personal recovery designed for collaborative use within support. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of a self‐report version of the I.ROC within a trauma population. A total of 107 adults attending trauma interventions in an NHS service in Scotland completed I.ROC alongside measures of self‐esteem, mental illness symptoms, and functional impairment. Scores on each measure were compared to evaluate the convergent validity of I.ROC. Internal consistency and factor analytical techniques were also used to assess the structural validity and reliability of the measure. Results of internal consistency, convergent validity, and factor analysis provide preliminary support for I.ROC’s validity within a trauma population. Previously proposed models were a poor fit for the current sample; principal components analysis suggested a three‐factor structure with acceptable internal consistency, comprising ten of the original twelve items (I.ROC‐10). Correlations with all measures reached significance for the original and modified I.ROC and its subscales. I.ROC appears to be a valid and reliable tool for use in measuring recovery within a trauma population, but further research is needed to examine the structural validity of I.ROC.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Early online date7 Nov 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Nov 2019


Cite this