PKC-δ sensitizes Kir3.1/3.2 channels to changes in membrane phospholipid levels after M3 receptor activation in HEK-293 cells

Sean G. Brown, Alison Thomas, Lodewijk V. Dekker, Andrew Tinker, Joanne L. Leaney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

G protein-gated inward rectifier (Kir3) channels are inhibited by activation of Gq/11-coupled receptors and this has been postulated to involve the signaling molecules protein kinase C (PKC) and/or phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2). Their precise roles in mediating the inhibition of this family of channels remain controversial. We examine here their relative roles in causing inhibition of Kir3.1/3.2 channels stably expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293 cells after muscarinic M3 receptor activation. In perforated patch mode, staurosporine prevented the Gq/11-mediated, M3 receptor, inhibition of channel activity. Recovery from M3-mediated inhibition was wortmannin sensitive. Whole cell currents, where the patch pipette was supplemented with PIP2, were still irreversibly inhibited by M3 receptor stimulation. When adenosine A1 receptors were co-expressed, inclusion of PIP2 rescued the A1-mediated response. Recordings from inside-out patches showed that catalytically active PKC applied directly to the intracellular membrane face inhibited the channels: a reversible effect modulated by okadaic acid. Generation of mutant heteromeric channel Kir3.1S185A/Kir3.2C-S178A, still left the channel susceptible to receptor, pharmacological, and direct kinase-mediated inhibition. Biochemically, labeled phosphate is incorporated into the channel. We suggest that PKC-δ mediates channel inhibition because recombinant PKC-δ inhibited channel activity, M3-mediated inhibition of the channel, was counteracted by overexpression of two types of dominant negative PKC-δ constructs, and, by using confocal microscopy, we have demonstrated translocation of green fluorescent protein-tagged PKC-δ to the plasma membrane on M3 receptor stimulation. Thus Kir3.1/3.2 channels are sensitive to changes in membrane phospholipid levels but this is contingent on the activity of PKC-δ after M3 receptor activation in HEK-293 cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)C543-C556
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume289
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 Apr 2005

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Protein Kinase C-delta
Phospholipids
Kidney
Membranes
Protein Kinase C
Okadaic Acid
Intracellular Membranes
Staurosporine
Phosphatidylinositols
Green Fluorescent Proteins
GTP-Binding Proteins
Recombinant Proteins
Confocal Microscopy
Adenosine
Cholinergic Agents
Phosphotransferases
Phosphates
Cell Membrane
Pharmacology

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Brown, Sean G.; Thomas, Alison; Dekker, Lodewijk V.; Tinker, Andrew; Leaney, Joanne L. / PKC-δ sensitizes Kir3.1/3.2 channels to changes in membrane phospholipid levels after M3 receptor activation in HEK-293 cells.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, Vol. 289, No. 3, 27.04.2005, p. C543-C556.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "G protein-gated inward rectifier (Kir3) channels are inhibited by activation of Gq/11-coupled receptors and this has been postulated to involve the signaling molecules protein kinase C (PKC) and/or phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2). Their precise roles in mediating the inhibition of this family of channels remain controversial. We examine here their relative roles in causing inhibition of Kir3.1/3.2 channels stably expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293 cells after muscarinic M3 receptor activation. In perforated patch mode, staurosporine prevented the Gq/11-mediated, M3 receptor, inhibition of channel activity. Recovery from M3-mediated inhibition was wortmannin sensitive. Whole cell currents, where the patch pipette was supplemented with PIP2, were still irreversibly inhibited by M3 receptor stimulation. When adenosine A1 receptors were co-expressed, inclusion of PIP2 rescued the A1-mediated response. Recordings from inside-out patches showed that catalytically active PKC applied directly to the intracellular membrane face inhibited the channels: a reversible effect modulated by okadaic acid. Generation of mutant heteromeric channel Kir3.1S185A/Kir3.2C-S178A, still left the channel susceptible to receptor, pharmacological, and direct kinase-mediated inhibition. Biochemically, labeled phosphate is incorporated into the channel. We suggest that PKC-δ mediates channel inhibition because recombinant PKC-δ inhibited channel activity, M3-mediated inhibition of the channel, was counteracted by overexpression of two types of dominant negative PKC-δ constructs, and, by using confocal microscopy, we have demonstrated translocation of green fluorescent protein-tagged PKC-δ to the plasma membrane on M3 receptor stimulation. Thus Kir3.1/3.2 channels are sensitive to changes in membrane phospholipid levels but this is contingent on the activity of PKC-δ after M3 receptor activation in HEK-293 cells.",
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PKC-δ sensitizes Kir3.1/3.2 channels to changes in membrane phospholipid levels after M3 receptor activation in HEK-293 cells. / Brown, Sean G.; Thomas, Alison; Dekker, Lodewijk V.; Tinker, Andrew; Leaney, Joanne L.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, Vol. 289, No. 3, 27.04.2005, p. C543-C556.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - PKC-δ sensitizes Kir3.1/3.2 channels to changes in membrane phospholipid levels after M3 receptor activation in HEK-293 cells

AU - Brown,Sean G.

AU - Thomas,Alison

AU - Dekker,Lodewijk V.

AU - Tinker,Andrew

AU - Leaney,Joanne L.

PY - 2005/4/27

Y1 - 2005/4/27

N2 - G protein-gated inward rectifier (Kir3) channels are inhibited by activation of Gq/11-coupled receptors and this has been postulated to involve the signaling molecules protein kinase C (PKC) and/or phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2). Their precise roles in mediating the inhibition of this family of channels remain controversial. We examine here their relative roles in causing inhibition of Kir3.1/3.2 channels stably expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293 cells after muscarinic M3 receptor activation. In perforated patch mode, staurosporine prevented the Gq/11-mediated, M3 receptor, inhibition of channel activity. Recovery from M3-mediated inhibition was wortmannin sensitive. Whole cell currents, where the patch pipette was supplemented with PIP2, were still irreversibly inhibited by M3 receptor stimulation. When adenosine A1 receptors were co-expressed, inclusion of PIP2 rescued the A1-mediated response. Recordings from inside-out patches showed that catalytically active PKC applied directly to the intracellular membrane face inhibited the channels: a reversible effect modulated by okadaic acid. Generation of mutant heteromeric channel Kir3.1S185A/Kir3.2C-S178A, still left the channel susceptible to receptor, pharmacological, and direct kinase-mediated inhibition. Biochemically, labeled phosphate is incorporated into the channel. We suggest that PKC-δ mediates channel inhibition because recombinant PKC-δ inhibited channel activity, M3-mediated inhibition of the channel, was counteracted by overexpression of two types of dominant negative PKC-δ constructs, and, by using confocal microscopy, we have demonstrated translocation of green fluorescent protein-tagged PKC-δ to the plasma membrane on M3 receptor stimulation. Thus Kir3.1/3.2 channels are sensitive to changes in membrane phospholipid levels but this is contingent on the activity of PKC-δ after M3 receptor activation in HEK-293 cells.

AB - G protein-gated inward rectifier (Kir3) channels are inhibited by activation of Gq/11-coupled receptors and this has been postulated to involve the signaling molecules protein kinase C (PKC) and/or phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2). Their precise roles in mediating the inhibition of this family of channels remain controversial. We examine here their relative roles in causing inhibition of Kir3.1/3.2 channels stably expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293 cells after muscarinic M3 receptor activation. In perforated patch mode, staurosporine prevented the Gq/11-mediated, M3 receptor, inhibition of channel activity. Recovery from M3-mediated inhibition was wortmannin sensitive. Whole cell currents, where the patch pipette was supplemented with PIP2, were still irreversibly inhibited by M3 receptor stimulation. When adenosine A1 receptors were co-expressed, inclusion of PIP2 rescued the A1-mediated response. Recordings from inside-out patches showed that catalytically active PKC applied directly to the intracellular membrane face inhibited the channels: a reversible effect modulated by okadaic acid. Generation of mutant heteromeric channel Kir3.1S185A/Kir3.2C-S178A, still left the channel susceptible to receptor, pharmacological, and direct kinase-mediated inhibition. Biochemically, labeled phosphate is incorporated into the channel. We suggest that PKC-δ mediates channel inhibition because recombinant PKC-δ inhibited channel activity, M3-mediated inhibition of the channel, was counteracted by overexpression of two types of dominant negative PKC-δ constructs, and, by using confocal microscopy, we have demonstrated translocation of green fluorescent protein-tagged PKC-δ to the plasma membrane on M3 receptor stimulation. Thus Kir3.1/3.2 channels are sensitive to changes in membrane phospholipid levels but this is contingent on the activity of PKC-δ after M3 receptor activation in HEK-293 cells.

U2 - 10.1152/ajpcell.00025.2005

DO - 10.1152/ajpcell.00025.2005

M3 - Article

VL - 289

SP - C543-C556

JO - American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology

T2 - American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology

SN - 0363-6143

IS - 3

ER -