Predictive validity of the short-term assessment of risk and treatability (START) for aggression and self-harm in a secure mental health service

gender differences

Laura E. O'Shea, Geoffrey L. Dickens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)
97 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The START predicts aggressive outcomes and to some extent self-harm. However, it is not known whether gender moderates its performance. This study used routinely collected data to investigate the predictive ability of the START for aggression and self-harm in secure psychiatric patients. Utility of the START was examined separately for men and women. The START was a stronger predictor of aggression and self-harm in women than men. The specific risk estimates produced large effect sizes for the prediction of aggression and self-harm in women; none of the AUC values reached the threshold for a large effect size in the male sample.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-146
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Forensic Mental Health
Volume14
Issue number2
Early online date1 Jun 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Mental Health Services
Aggression
Aptitude
Area Under Curve
Psychiatry

Cite this

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abstract = "The START predicts aggressive outcomes and to some extent self-harm. However, it is not known whether gender moderates its performance. This study used routinely collected data to investigate the predictive ability of the START for aggression and self-harm in secure psychiatric patients. Utility of the START was examined separately for men and women. The START was a stronger predictor of aggression and self-harm in women than men. The specific risk estimates produced large effect sizes for the prediction of aggression and self-harm in women; none of the AUC values reached the threshold for a large effect size in the male sample.",
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AB - The START predicts aggressive outcomes and to some extent self-harm. However, it is not known whether gender moderates its performance. This study used routinely collected data to investigate the predictive ability of the START for aggression and self-harm in secure psychiatric patients. Utility of the START was examined separately for men and women. The START was a stronger predictor of aggression and self-harm in women than men. The specific risk estimates produced large effect sizes for the prediction of aggression and self-harm in women; none of the AUC values reached the threshold for a large effect size in the male sample.

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